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Ullman AJ, Cooke M, Kleidon T, Rickard CM. Road map for improvement: Point prevalence audit and survey of central venous access devices in paediatric acute care. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. Oct 2016; doi:10.1111/jpc. 13347.

Legemaat M, Carr PJ,  van Rens RM, van Dijk M, Poslawsky IE, van den Hoogen A. Peripheral intravenous cannulation: complication rates in the neonatal population: a multicenter observational study. J Vasc Access. 2016 Jul 12;17(4):360-5. doi: 10.5301/jva.5000558. Epub 2016 May 31.

Broadhurst D, Moureau N, Ullman AJ. Central venous access devices site care practices: an international survey of 34 countries. J Vasc Access 2016; 17(1): 78 - 86.


Takashima M, Ray-Barruel G, Keogh S, Rickard CM. Randomised controlled trials in peripheral vascular access catheters: a scoping review. Vascular Access. 2015;1(2):10-37.

Alexandrou E, Ray-Barruel G, Carr P, Frost S, Inwood S, Higgins N, Lin F, Mermel L, Rickard CM. A global prevalence study on the use of peripheral intravenous catheters: results of a pilot study in 13 countries. Journal of Hospital Medicine. Aug;10(8):530-3. doi: 10.1002/jhm.2389. JIF=2.1.

Keogh S, Flynn J, Marsh N, Higgins N, Davies K, Rickard CM. Maintenance of vascular access device patency: A cross sectional survey of nursing and midwifery practice. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2015. Jul 11. pii: S0020-7489(15)00222-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2015.07.001.

Walker G, Rickard CM, Alexandrou E, Webster J, Chan R. Effectiveness of electrocardiographic guidance in CVAD tip placement. British Journal of Nursing. 2015 Jul 22;24 Suppl 14:S4-S12. doi: 10.12968/bjon.2015.24.Sup14.S4.

Marsh N, Mihala G, Ray-Barruel G, Webster J, Wallis MC, Rickard CM. Inter-rater agreement of peripheral intravenous catheter-related phlebitis signs, symptoms and scales. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2015. Jul 17. doi: 10.1111/jep.12396.

Ray-Barruel G, Rickard CM. Global is local: bringing IV research back to the bedside. British Journal of Nursing 2015; 24: Supp8:S3 (Editorial).

Webster J, McGrail M, Marsh N, Wallis M, Ray-Barruel G, Rickard CM. Post infusion phlebitis: Incidence and risk factors. Nursing Research and Practice. 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/691934. JIF=N/A

Higgins N, Keogh S, Rickard CM. Evaluation of a pilot educational program on safe and effective insertion and management of peripheral intravenous catheters. Journal of the Association of Vascular Access. 2015, 20(1): 37-42. JIF=N/A

Simonov M, Pittiruti M, Rickard CM, Chopra V. Navigating venous access: a guide for hospitalists. Journal of Hospital Medicine. 2015. On-line early March. JIF=2.1

Ullman A, Keogh S, Marsh N. Routine versus clinically indicated replacement of peripheral catheters. British Journal of Nursing. 2015. 24(Sup2): S14.

Carr, P. J. and Rippey, J. C. R. (2015), Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis: a complication of an indwelling peripherally inserted central venous catheter. Clinical Case Reports. doi: 10.1002/ccr3.187

Claire M Rickard, Nicole M Marsh, Joan Webster, Nicole C Gavin, Matthew R McGrail, Emily Larsen, Amanda Corley, Debbie Long, John R Gowardman, Marghie Murgo, John F Fraser, Raymond J Chan, Marianne C Wallis, Jeanine Young, David McMillan, Li Zhang, Md Abu Choudhury, Nicholas Graves, E Geoffrey Playford. Intravascular device administration sets: replacement after standard versus prolonged use in hospitalised patients a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (The RSVP Trial) BMJ Open 2015 Febr. Vol. 5 Issue 2. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-007257


Malyon L, Ullman AJ, Philips N, Young J, Kleidon T, Murfield J, Rickard CM. Peripheral intravenous catheter duration and failure in paediatric acute care: a prospective cohort study. Emergency Medicine Australasia. 2014; Oct 23: doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12305. [Epub ahead of print] JIF=1.2.

Carr PJ, Higgins NS, Cooke ML, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Vascular access specialist teams for device insertion and prevention of failure (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD011429. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011429.

Tuffaha HW, Rickard CM, Webster J, Marsh N, Gordon L, Wallis M, Scuffham P.  Cost-effectiveness analysis of clinically-indicated versus routine replacement of peripheral intravenous catheters. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. 2014. 12 (1): 51-58. doi: 10.1007/s40258-013-0077-2.

Wallis MC, McGrail MR, Webster J, Marsh N, Gowardman JR, Playford EG, Rickard CM. Risk factors for peripheral intravenous catheter failure: a multivariate analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 2014; 35(1), 63-68.

Ray-Barruel G, Polit D, Murfield J, Rickard CM. Infusion phlebitis assessment measures: A systematic review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2014 Apr;20(2):191-202. doi: 10.1111/jep.12107. 2.  

Zhang, L., Marsh, N., Mcgrail, M., Webster, J., Playford, G. G. and Rickard, C.M. Assessing microbial colonization of peripheral intravascular devices. Journal of Infection. 67, 353-355. IF 4.1

Tuffaha H, Gordon L, Rickard C, Inwood S, Scuffham P. The epic3 recommendation that clinically-indicated replacement of peripheral venous catheters is safe and cost saving: How much would the NHS save? Journal of Hospital Infection. 2014. 87(3), 183-4. JIF=3.2

New K, Webster J, Marsh N, Hewer B. Intravascular device utilisation, management, documentation and complications: a point prevalence survey. Australian Health Review. 2014. 38(3) June, 345-349.

Alexandrou E. The One Million Global Catheters PIVC worldwide prevalence study. Br J Nurs. 2014 Apr 24-May 7;23(8):S16-7.


Russell E, Chan RJ, Marsh N, New K. A point prevalence study of cancer nursing practices for managing intravascular devices in an Australian tertiary cancer center.Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2013 Dec 26. pii: S1462-3889(13)00166-X. doi: 10.1016/j.ejon.2013.11.010.

Rickard CM, Webster J, Playford EG. Prevention of peripheral intravenous catheter-related bloodstream infections: the need for routine replacement. Response to letter to the editor. Medical Journal of Australia.  2013; 199 (11). JIF=2.8. 751-751. 10.5694/mja13.11352

Zhang L, Keogh S, Rickard CM. Reducing the risk of infection associated with vascular access devices through nanotechnology: A perspective. International Journal of Nanomedicine. 2013. 8: 4053-4466 doi: 10.2147/IJN.S50312.

Ullman AJ, Cooke M, Gillies DM, Marsh N, Daud A, McGrail M, O'Riordan E, Rickard CM. Optimal timing for intravascular administration set replacement (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2013. Issue 9. Sep 15;9: DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003588.pub3

Carr PJ, Alexandrou E, Jackson GM, Spencer TR. Assessing the Quality of Central Venous Catheter and Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter Videos on the YouTube Video-Sharing Web site. Journal of the Association for Vascular Access (JAVA).  2013. August. 18 (3), 177-182.

Keogh, S. New Research: Change Peripheral Intravenous Catheters as Clinically Indicated, Not Routinely. Journal of the Association for Vascular Access (JAVA).  2013. August. 18 (3), 153-154.

Zhang L, Marsh N, McGrail MR, Webster J, Playford EG, Rickard CM. Assessing microbial colonization of peripheral intravascular devices. Journal of Infection. Oct. 67(4): 353-5. doi:pii: S0163-4453(13)00146-1. 10.1016/j.jinf.2013.06.001.

Rickard CM, Webster J, Playford EG. Prevention of peripheral intravenous catheter-related bloodstream infections the need for a new focus. Medical Journal of Australia. 2013. 198 (10): 519-520.

Webster J, Osborne S, Rickard CM, New K. (2013) Clinically-indicated replacement versus routine replacement of peripheral venous catheters. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. April 30;4:CD007798.

Reynolds H, Dulhunty J, Taropawella K, Tower M, Rickard CM. A snapshot of guideline compliance reveals room for improvement: A survey of peripheral arterial catheter practices in Australian operating theatres. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2013, 69(7): 1584-1594.

Zhang L, Morrison M, Nimmo G, Sriprakash K, Mondot S, Gowardman J, George N, Marsh N, Rickard CM. Molecular investigation of bacterial communities on the inner and outer surfaces of peripheral venous catheters. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 2013.  Aug;32(8):1083-90. doi: 10.1007/s10096-013-1854-4.

Chan R. (2013) Intravascular device-related research: future priorities areas for cancer nursing.  Cancer Nursing. 36(2):89-90.

Alexandrou E, Spencer TR, Frost SA, Mifflin N, Davidson PM, Hillman KM. Central venous catheter placement by advanced practice nurses demonstrates low procedural complication and infection rates--a report from 13 years of service*.Crit Care Med. 2014 Mar;42(3):536-43. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3182a667f0.

Daud A, Cooke M, Reynolds H, Rickard CM. Replacement of administration sets (including transducers) for peripheral arterial catheters: a systematic review. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2013; 22(3-4): 303-317.

Gowardman J, Jeffries P, Lassig-Smith M, Stuart J, Jarret P, Deans R, McGrail M, George N, Nimmo G, Rickard CM. A comparative assessment of two conservative methods for the diagnosis of catheter-related infection in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Medicine. 2013. 39(1):109-16.

Webster J, Bell-Syer SE, Foxlee R. Skin preparation with alcohol versus alcohol followed by any antiseptic for preventing bacteraemia or contamination of blood for transfusion. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jan 31;1:CD007948. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007948.pub2. Review.


Zhang L, Morrison M, O Cuiv P, Evans P, Rickard C. Genome sequence of Staphylococcus epidermidis strain AU12-03, isolated from intravascular catheter. Genome Announcement. Journal of Bacteriology. 2012.  Dec;194(23):6639. doi: 10.1128/JB.01693-12.

Keogh S. New research on i.v. catheters overturns 40 years of practice. Qld Nurse. 2012 Oct;31(5):27.

Rickard CM, Webster J, Wallis MC, Marsh N, McGrail MR, French V, Foster L, Gallagher P, Gowardman JR, Zhang L, McClymont A, Whitby M. Routine versus clinically indicated replacement of peripheral intravenous catheters: a randomised controlled equivalence trial. The Lancet. 2012 Sep 21. Issue 380. 1066-1074.

Alexandrou E, Murgo M, Calabria E, Spencer TR, Carpen H, Brennan K, Frost SA, Davidson PM, Hillman KM. Nurse-led central venous catheter insertion-procedural characteristics and outcomes of three intensive care based catheter placement services. Int J Nurs Stud. 2012 Feb;49(2):162-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.08.011.


Alexandrou, E., Ramjan, L., Spencer, T., Frost, S.A., Salamonson, Y., Davidson, P.M., Hillman, K.M. (2011). The use of midline catheters in the adult acute care setting clinical implications and recommendations for practice. Journal of the Association for Vascular Access, 16 (1), 813.

Zhang L, Gowardman JR, Rickard CM. The impact of microbial attachment on intravascular catheter-related infections. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 2011;38(1):9-15.

Carr PJ, Glynn RW, Dineen B, Devitt D, Flaherty G, Kropmans TJ, Kerin M. Interns' attitudes to IV cannulation: a KAP study. Br J Nurs. 2011 Feb 24-Mar 9;20(4):S15-20.



Zhang L, Sriprikash S, McMillan D, Gowardman JR, Patel B, Rickard CM. Microbiological pattern of arterial catheters in the intensive care unit. BMC Microbiology, 2010; 10:266. JIF=3.4,  *Designated 'Highly Accessed' (1153 full downloads in first 3 months)*

Carr PJ, Glynn RW, Dineen B, Kropmans TJ. A pilot intravenous cannulation team: an Irish perspective. Br J Nurs. 2010 May 27-Jun 9;19(10):S19-27.

Gowardman JR, Lipman J, Rickard CM.  Assessment of peripheral arterial catheters as a source of sepsis in the critically ill: A narrative review. Journal of Hospital Infection, 2010; 75(1) 12-18.

Rickard CM, McCann D, Munnings J, McGrail MR. Routine resite of peripheral intravenous devices every 3 days did not reduce complications compared with clinically indicated resite: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Medicine, 2010 8:53. *Selected in 'Top 10 Developments in Intravenous Care for 2010' by IVTeam international network*

Yacopetti N, Alexandrou E, Spencer TR, Frost SA, Davidson PM, O'Sullivan G, Hillman KM. Central venous catheter insertion by a clinical nurse consultant or anaesthetic medical staff: a single-centre observational study. Crit Care Resusc. 2010 Jun;12(2):90-5.

Alexandrou E, Spencer TR, Frost SA, Parr MJ, Davidson PM, Hillman KM. A review of the nursing role in central venous cannulation: implications for practice policy and research.  J Clin Nurs. 2010 Jun;19(11-12):1485-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.02910.x.

Webster J, Osborne S, Hall J, Rickard CM. Clinically indicated replacement versus routine replacement of peripheral venous catheters. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD007798. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007798. *In Top 3 downloads for 2011 for Cochrane Peripheral Vascular Disease Group Reviews *



Rickard CM, Keene LJ, Vannapraseuth B, Rambaldo S, McGrail MR, Ray-Barruel G. A cross-sectional study investigating the relationship between intravenous infusate colonisation and fluid container hang time. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 2009: 18(21): 3022-3028.

Van Donk P, Doolan G, McGrail MR, Rickard CM. Routine replacement versus clinical monitoring of peripheral intravenous devices in a regional Hospital in the Home program: a randomized controlled trial. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 2009: 30(9): 915-7.



Webster J, Clarke S, Paterson D, Hutton A, van Dyk S, Gale C, Hopkins T. Routine care of peripheral intravenous catheters versus clinically indicated replacement: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2008 Jul 8;337:a339. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a339.

Gowardman JR, Robertson IK, Parkes S, Rickard CM. Influence of insertion site on central venous device (CVC) colonization and bloodstream infection rates. Intensive Care Medicine, 34(6): 2008: 1038-1045. *Selected as 'Article of the Month' by the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine *

Koh D, Gowardman JR, Rickard CM, Robertson I, Brown A.  A prospective study of peripheral intra arterial (AC) device infection and comparison with concurrently sited central venous devices (CVCs). Critical Care Medicine, 2008: 36(2): 397-402. *Selected as feature article for Continuing Medical Education points*



Webster J, Morris HL, Robinson K, Sanderson U. Development and validation of a Vein Assessment Tool (VAT). Aust J Adv Nurs. 2007 Jun-Aug;24(4):5-7.

Webster J, Osborne S. Phlebitis associated with peripheral intravenous catheters. Am J Infect Control. 2007 May;35(4):287; author reply 287-8.

Webster J, Lloyd S, Hopkins T, Osborne S, Yaxley M. Developing a Research base for Intravenous Peripheral cannula re-sites (DRIP trial). A randomised controlled trial of hospital in-patients. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007 Jul;44(5):664-71. Epub 2006 Mar 30.

Rickard CM, O'Meara P, McGrail MR, Garner D, McLean A, Le Lievre P. A randomized controlled trial of intranasal fentanyl versus intravenous morphine for prehospital analgesia. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2007: 25(8): 911-917.

Roberts JA, Boots R, Rickard CM, Thomas P, Quinn J, Roberts DM, Richards B, Lipman J. Is continuous infusion ceftriaxone better than once-a-day dosing in intensive care? A randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2007: 59(2): 285-291.

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