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Zhang L, Cao S, Marsh N, Ray-Barruel G, Fynn J, Larsen E,  Rickard CM. Infection risks associated with peripheral vascular catheters. Journal of Infection Prevention 1-7. DOI: 10.1177/1757177416655472

Gavin NC, Webster J, Chan RJ, Rickard CM. Frequency of dressing changes for central venous access devices on catheter-related infections. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD009213. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009213.pub2.

Evans O, Gowardman J, Rabbolini D, McGrail M, Rickard CM. In situ diagnostic methods for catheter related bloodstream infection in burns patients: A pilot study. Burns. 2016:

Choudhury MA, Marsh N, Banu S, Paterson DL, Rickard CM, McMillan D. Molecular comparison of bacterial communities on peripheral intravenous catheters and matched skin swabs. PloS One. 2016: 11(1) e0146354.


Kabululu E, Ray-Barruel G, Alexandrou E, Rickard C. One million global catheters PIVC worldwide prevalence study: building alliances to put vascular access device management and infection prevention on the world stage from Australia to the Democratic Republic of Congo. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control. 2015;4(Suppl 1):P204. doi:10.1186/2047-2994-4-S1-P204.

Flynn JM, Keogh SJ, Gavin NG. Sterile v aseptic non-touch technique for needle-less connector care on central venous access devices in a bone marrow transplant population: A comparative study. European J Oncology Nursing. Published Online: June 06, 2015

Kleidon T, Illing A, Fogarty G, Edwards R, Tomlinson J, Ullman A. Improving the central venous access devices maintenance process to reduce associated infections in paediatrics: evaluation of a practical multi-faceted quality-improvement initiative. Healthcare Infection.


Zhang L, Gowardman J, Morrison M, Krause L, Playford EG, Rickard CM. Molecular investigation of bacterial communities on intravascular catheters: no longer just Staphylococcus. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2014 Feb 6. [Epub ahead of print]

Ullman A, Long D, Rickard CM. Prevention of central venous catheter infections: a survey of paediatric ICU nurses' knowledge and practices. Nurse Education Today, 2014 34, 202-207.  doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2013.09.002.

Zhang L, Morrison M, Rickard CM. Genome Sequence of Ralstonia pickettii AU12-08, Isolated from an Intravascular Catheter in Australia.Genome Announc. 2014 Feb 6;2(1). pii: e00027-14. doi: 10.1128/genomeA.00027-14.

Ullman AJ, Long DA, Rickard CM. Paediatric ICU Nurses' Knowledge and Practices to Prevent Central Venous Access Device Infections: Implications for Clinicians. British Journal of Nursing: 2014 23 (8) S16-18.

Sohrabi, M., Zhang, L., Zhang, K., Ahmetagic, A. and Wei, M. Volatile organic compounds as novel markers for the detection of bacterial infections, Clinical Microbiology: Open Access. (in press) Invited paper.

Zhang, L., Marsh, N., Mcgrail, M., Webster, J., Playford, G. G. and Rickard, C.M. Assessing microbial colonization of peripheral intravascular devices. Journal of Infection. 67, 353-355. IF 4.1


Rickard CM, Webster J, Playford EG. Prevention of peripheral intravenous catheter-related bloodstream infections: the need for routine replacement. Response to letter to the editor. Medical Journal of Australia.  2013; 199 (11). JIF=2.8. 751-751. 10.5694/mja13.11352

Zhang L, Keogh S, Rickard CM. Reducing the risk of infection associated with vascular access devices through nanotechnology: A perspective. International Journal of Nanomedicine. 2013. 8: 4053-4466 doi: 10.2147/IJN.S50312.

Zhang L, Marsh N, McGrail MR, Webster J, Playford EG, Rickard CM. Assessing microbial colonization of peripheral intravascular devices. Journal of Infection. Oct. 67(4): 353-5. doi:pii: S0163-4453(13)00146-1. 10.1016/j.jinf.2013.06.001.

Rickard CM, Webster J, Playford EG. Prevention of peripheral intravenous catheter-related bloodstream infections the need for a new focus. Medical Journal of Australia. 2013. 198 (10): 519-520.

Zhang L, Morrison M, O'Cuiv P, Evans P, and Rickard C. Genome sequence of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain AU12-09, isolated from intravascular catheter. Genome Announcements. 2013 May 2;1(3). doi:pii: e00195-13. 10.1128/genomeA.00195-13. [new journal 2013, formerly J Bacteriology G.A.]

Zhang L, Morrison M, Nimmo G, Sriprakash K, Mondot S, Gowardman J, George N, Marsh N, Rickard CM. Molecular investigation of bacterial communities on the inner and outer surfaces of peripheral venous catheters. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 2013.  Aug;32(8):1083-90. doi: 10.1007/s10096-013-1854-4.

Gowardman J, Jeffries P, Lassig-Smith M, Stuart J, Jarret P, Deans R, McGrail M, George N, Nimmo G, Rickard CM. A comparative assessment of two conservative methods for the diagnosis of catheter-related infection in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Medicine. 2013. 39(1):109-16.

Webster J, Bell-Syer SE, Foxlee R. Skin preparation with alcohol versus alcohol followed by any antiseptic for preventing bacteraemia or contamination of blood for transfusion. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jan 31;1:CD007948. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007948.pub2. Review.


Zhang L, Morrison M, O Cuiv P, Evans P, Rickard C. Genome sequence of Staphylococcus epidermidis strain AU12-03, isolated from intravascular catheter. Genome Announcement. Journal of Bacteriology. 2012.  Dec;194(23):6639. doi: 10.1128/JB.01693-12.


Zhang L, Gowardman JR, Rickard CM. The impact of microbial attachment on intravascular catheter-related infections. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 2011;38(1):9-15.


Zhang L, Sriprikash S, McMillan D, Gowardman JR, Patel B, Rickard CM. Microbiological pattern of arterial catheters in the intensive care unit. BMC Microbiology, 2010; 10:266. JIF=3.4,  *Designated 'Highly Accessed' (1153 full downloads in first 3 months)*

Gowardman JR, Lipman J, Rickard CM.  Assessment of peripheral arterial catheters as a source of sepsis in the critically ill: A narrative review. Journal of Hospital Infection, 2010; 75(1) 12-18.


Rickard CM, Keene LJ, Vannapraseuth B, Rambaldo S, McGrail MR, Ray-Barruel G. A cross-sectional study investigating the relationship between intravenous infusate colonisation and fluid container hang time. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 2009: 18(21): 3022-3028.


Gowardman JR, Robertson IK, Parkes S, Rickard CM. Influence of insertion site on central venous device (CVC) colonization and bloodstream infection rates. Intensive Care Medicine, 34(6): 2008: 1038-1045. *Selected as 'Article of the Month' by the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine *

Koh D, Gowardman JR, Rickard CM, Robertson I, Brown A.  A prospective study of peripheral intra arterial (AC) device infection and comparison with concurrently sited central venous devices (CVCs). Critical Care Medicine, 2008: 36(2): 397-402. *Selected as feature article for Continuing Medical Education points*


Roberts JA, Boots R, Rickard CM, Thomas P, Quinn J, Roberts DM, Richards B, Lipman J. Is continuous infusion ceftriaxone better than once-a-day dosing in intensive care? A randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2007: 59(2): 285-291.


Griffith University
Australia 4111