Our Publications


Gavin N, McMillan D, Keogh S, Choudhury MA, Ray-Barruel G, Rickard C. The effect of delaying replacement of parenteral nutrition intravenous administration sets: Pre-clinical experiments and a dynamic laboratory model of microbial colonisation. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 2018. On-line Jan. DOI: 10.1002/jpen.1039 


Abu Choudhury M, Wailan AM, Sidjabat HE, Zhang L, Marsh N, Rickard CM, Davies MR, McMillan DJ. 2017. Draft genome sequence of Roseomonas mucosa strain AU37,isolated from a peripheral intravenous catheter. Genome Announc 5:e00128-17. https://doi.org/10.1128/genomeA.00128-17.

Broadhurst D, Moureau N, Ullman AJ; World Congress of Vascular Access (WoCoVA) Skin Impairment Management Advisory Panel. Management of Central Venous Access Device-Associated Skin Impairment: An Evidence-Based Algorithm. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2017 Mar 28. doi: 10.1097/WON.0000000000000322.

Carr P, Cooke M, Rippey J, Higgins N, Rickard CM. Tools, rules and algorithms for vein assessment. Journal of Hospital Medicine. Sept 2017;12(10). 

Castillo, I. From little things, big things grow. Vascular Access. Oct 2017; 3(2):1.

Chan RJ, Northfield S, Larsen E, Mihala G, Ullman A, Hancock P, Marsh N, Gavin N, Wyld D, Allworth A, Russell E, Choudhury MA, Flynn J, Rickard CM. Central venous Access device SeCurement And Dressing Effectiveness for peripherally inserted central catheters in adult acute hospital patients (CASCADE): a pilot randomised controlled trial. Trials. October 2017;18:458. 

Choudhury Md A, Sidjabat HE, Rathnayake IU, Gavin N, Chan RJ, Marsh N, Banu S, Huygens F, Paterson DL, Rickard CM, McMillan DJ. Culture-independent detection of chlorhexidine resistance genes qacA/B and smr in bacterial DNA recovered from body sites treated with chlorhexidine-containing dressings. Journal of Medical Microbiology 2017;66:447453

Corley A, Marsh N, Ullman A, Rickard CM. Tissue adhesive on vascular access devices: who, what, where and when? British Journal of Nursing. Invited review. Oct 2017; 26(19):S18-S25. 

Farrell C, McCulloch E, Bellhouse S et al (2017) Peripheral cannulae in oncology: nurses' confidence and patients' experiences. CancerNursing Practice. 16, 3, 32-38. doi: 10.7748/cnp.2017.e1408

Flynn JM, Keogh S, Zhang L, Rickard CM. Evaluating methods for effective decontamination of central venous access device needleless connectors in adult hospital patients: A pilot randomised controlled trial protocol. Vascular Access. Oct 2017;3(2):8-13.

Flynn, J. M., Rickard, C. M., Keogh, S., & Zhang, L. (2017). Alcohol Caps or Alcohol Swabs With and Without Chlorhexidine: An In Vitro Study of 648 Episodes of Intravenous Device Needleless Connector Decontamination. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 1-3. FirstView

Gavin N, Keogh S, McMillan D, Rickard CM. Does parenteral nutrition increase the risk of catheter-related infection? A systematic literature review. J Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. On-line Jun 2017.

Rolls K, Ullman A. Central venous access device- associated skin impairment (CASI). June 2017

Hawkins T, Greenslade JH, Suna J, Williams J, Rickard CM, Jensen M, Donohue M, Ho E, Van Hise C, Egerton-Warburton D, Cullen L. Peripheral Intravenous Cannula Insertion and Use in the Emergency Department; an Intervention Study. Acad Emerg Med. 2017 Oct. .doi: 10.1111/acem.13335.

Keogh S, Shelverton C, Flynn J, Davies K, Marsh N, Rickard CM. An Observational Study of Nurses' Intravenous Flush and Medication Practice in the Clinical Setting.  Vascular Access. Apr 2017;3(1):3-10.

Kleidon P, Ullman A, Zhang L, Gavin N, Mihala G, Northfield S, Rickard CM. Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter OutcoMes PolyurethAne veRsus Endexo:  the PICCOMPARE Trial. Protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Vascular Access. Apr 2017;3(1):15-21. 

Kleidon T, Alexandrou E, Mifflin N, McManus C. Vascular access services around Australia. Vascular Access Apr 2017;3(1):26-29.

Kleidon TM, Ullman AJ, Gibson V, Chaseling B, Schoutrop J, Mihala G, Rickard CM. A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of Novel Dressing and Securement Techniques in 101 Pediatric Patients. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2017 Sep 18.

Larsen E, Keogh S, Marsh N, Rickard CM. Experiences of peripheral IV insertion in hospital: A qualitative study. British Journal of Nursing. Oct 2017; 26(19):S4-S17. 

Marsh N, Webster J, Cooke M, Rickard CM. The RELIABLE Trial (RELiable Intravenous Access By Line Experts): A pilot randomised controlled trial protocol of expert versus generalist peripheral intravenous catheter insertion. Vascular Access. October 2017;3(2):3-7. 

Marsh N, Webster J, Larsen E, Cooke M, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Observational study of peripheral intravenous catheter outcomes in adult hospitalised patients - a multivariable analysis of peripheral catheter failure. Journal of Hospital Medicine. October 2017;18(x):xx. 

Marsh N, Webster J, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Devices and dressings to secure peripheral venous catheters: A Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2017; 67:12-19

Patterson T, Dunsdon J, Slater K, McDougall D, Fullerton F. Evaluation of intravenous administration practices, patient safety and expenditure on saline products in a tertiary hospital. Vasc Access Vol 3 Issue 1. April 2017

Ray-Barruel G, Ullman AJ, Rickard CM, Cooke M. Clinical audits to improve critical care: Part 2: Analyse, benchmark and feedback. Australian Critical Care. 2017. Available online 5 June. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2017.04.002

Ray-Barruel G. Using audits as evidence. British Journal of Nursing. April 2017;26(8):S3. (Invited editorial) 

Ray-Barruel, Gillian. Infection prevention: Peripheral intravenous catheter assessment and care. Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal, Vol. 24, No. 8, Mar 2017: 34.

Rickard CM, Marsh NM, Webster J, Gavin NC, Chan RJ, McCarthy AL, Mollee P, Ullman AJ, Kleidon T, Chopra V, Zhang L, McGrail MR, Larsen E, Choudhury MA, Keogh S, Alexandrou E, McMillan DJ, Mervin MC, Paterson DL, Cooke M, Ray-Barruel G, Castillo MI, Hallahan A, Corley A, Playford G. Peripherally InSerted CEntral catheter dressing and Securement: the PISCES Trial. Protocol for a 2x2 factorial, superiority randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. June 2017;7:e015291.

Rickard CM, Marsh NM. The other catheter: The mighty PIV. Ann Intern Med. Invited editorial. Nov 2017; 167(10): H02-H03 

Rickard CM, Ray-Barruel G. Peripheral intravenous catheter assessment: beyond phlebitis. Lancet Haematology. Vol 4 September 2017

Rickard CM, Ullman A, Kleidon T, Marsh N. Ten Tips for Dressing and Securement of IV Device Wounds. ANJM  May 2017 Volume 24, No. 10

Slater K, Cooke M, Rickard C, Whitby M. Can hand hygiene observation and reporting be improved through a risk-based targeted approach? Am J Infect Control. 2017 Feb 1;45(2):212-213. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2016.09.012.

Slater K, Cooke M, Whitby M, Fullerton F, Douglas J, Hay J, Rickard C. Microorganisms present on peripheral intravenous needleless connectors in the clinical environment.  Am J Infect Control. 2017 Mar 20. pii: S0196-6553(17)30108-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2017.02.008. 

Sou V, McManus C, Mifflin M, Frost SA, Ale J, Alexandrou E. A clinical pathway for the management of difficult venous access. BMC Nursing (2017) 16:64

Takashima M, Ray-Barruel G, Ullman A, Keogh S, Rickard CM. Randomized controlled trials in central vascular access devices: A scoping review. PLOS ONE 2017;12(3): e0174164. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174164

Ullman A, Marsh N, Rickard CM. Securement for vascular access devices: looking to the future. British Journal of Nursing 2017 (IV Therapy Supplement) Vol 26, No 8

Ullman A, Ray- Barruel G, Rickard CM, Cooke M. Clinical audits to improve critical care: Part 1 Prepare and collect data. Australian Critical Care Available online 24 May 2017

Ullman AJ, Cooke M, Kleidon T, Rickard CM. J Paediatr Child Health. Road map for improvement: Point prevalence audit and survey of central venous access devices in paediatric acute care. J Paediatr Child Health. 2017 Feb;53(2):123-130. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13347. Epub 2016 Oct 6.

Ullman AJ, Kleidon T, Cooke M, Rickard CM. Substantial harm associated with failure of chronic paediatric central venous access devices. BMJ Case Rep. 2017 Jul 6;2017

Ullman AJ, Kleidon T, Gibson V, McBride CA, Mihala G, Cooke M, Rickard CM. Innovative dressing and securement of tunneled central venous access devices in pediatrics: a pilot randomized controlled trial. BMC Cancer (2017) 17:595

Webster J, Larsen E, Marsh N, Choudhury MA, Harris P, Rickard CM. Chlorhexidine gluconate or polyhexamethylene biguanide disc dressing to reduce the incidence of Central-Line-Associated Blood Stream Infection: a feasibility randomised controlled trial (the CLABSI trial). Journal of Hospital Infection (2017), doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2017.04.009.

Zhang L, Rickard CM. Non-culture based diagnostics for intravascular catheter related bloodstream infections. Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics. Invited review paper. 2017 Feb;17(2):181-188.

Zhao DY, Brownlie J, Wells T, Zhang L. The impact of biofilms on intravascular catheter-related bloodstream infection and antimicrobial resistance. Vascular Access Apr 2017;3(1):11-14



Bradford NK, Edwards RM, Chan RJ. Heparin versus 0.9% sodium chloride intermittent flushing for the prevention of occlusion in long term central venous catheters in infants and children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 11.

Broadhurst D, Moureau N, Ullman AJ. Central venous access devices site care practices: an international survey of 34 countries. J Vasc Access 2016; 17(1): 78 - 86

Bugden S, Shean K, Scott M, Fraser JF, Mihala G, Clark S, Johnstone C, Rickard CM. Skin glue reduces the failure rate of emergency department inserted peripheral intravenous catheters:  A randomized controlled trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2015. Early on-line. JIF=4.7. Top ranked Emergency journal globally.

Carr, P.J., Rippey, J.C., Budgeon, C.A., Cooke, M.L., Higgins, N. and Rickard, C.M., 2015. Insertion of peripheral intravenous cannulae in the Emergency Department: factors associated with first-time insertion success. J Vasc Access 2016; 17 (2): 182-190. DOI: 10.5301/jva.5000487

Carr, P. J., Rippey, J. C. R., Cooke, M. L., Bharat, C., Murray, K., Higgins, N. S., Foale, A., Rickard, C. M Development of a clinical prediction rule to improve peripheral intravenous cannulae first attempt success in the emergency department and reduce post insertion failure rates: Vascular Access Decisions in the Emergency Room (VADER) study protocol BMJ Open 2016;6:e009196-e009196 #FOAMva

Carr, P.J., Rippey, J.C., Budgeon, C.A., Cooke, M.L., Higgins, N. and Rickard, C.M. Reasons for Removal of Emergency DepartmentInserted Peripheral Intravenous Cannulae in Admitted Patients: A Retrospective Medical Chart Audit in Australia. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology / FirstView Article / May 2016, pp 1 - 3

Choudhury MA, Marsh N, Banu S, Paterson DL, Rickard CM, McMillan D. Molecular comparison of bacterial communities on peripheral intravenous catheters and matched skin swabs. PloS One. 2016: 11(1) e0146354.

Evans O, Gowardman J, Rabbolini D, McGrail M, Rickard CM. In situ diagnostic methods for catheter related bloodstream infection in burns patients: A pilot study. Burns. 2016:

Flynn J. From big things other things grow! TQN. Febr 2016. Pg 33

Gavin NC, Webster J, Chan RJ, Rickard CM. Frequency of dressing changes for central venous access devices on catheter-related infections. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD009213. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009213.pub2.

Keogh S, Flynn J, Marsh N, Mihala G, Davis K, Rickard C. Varied flushing frequency and volume to prevent peripheral intravenous catheter failure: a pilot, factorial randomised controlled trial in adult medical-surgical hospital patients. Trials. 2016; 17: 348. Published online 2016 Jul 26. doi:  10.1186/s13063-016-1470-6

Larsen E. Patients' experience of IV insertion. TQN. Sept 2016. Pg 35

Legemaat M, Carr PJ,  van Rens RM, van Dijk M, Poslawsky IE, van den Hoogen A. Peripheral intravenous cannulation: complication rates in the neonatal population: a multicenter observational study. J Vasc Access. 2016 Jul 12;17(4):360-5. doi: 10.5301/jva.5000558. Epub 2016 May 31.

Ray-Barruel G. Consider the patient's voice. British Journal of Nursing. 2016;25(8):S3.

Reynolds H, Chalk TJ, Van Zundert A, Rickard CM. A way to go to meet guidelines for prevention of intravenous catheter infection and complications: Audit of perioperative peripheral venous catheter care. Vascular Access 2016; 2(2): 2-9

Rickard CM, Edwards M, Spooner AJ, Mihala G, Marsh N, Wendt T, Rapchuk I, Gabriel S, Thomson B, Corley A, Fraser JF. A 4-arm randomized controlled pilot trial of innovative solutions for jugular central venous access device securement in 221 cardiac surgical patients. Journal of Critical Care, Volume 36, December 2016, Pages 35-42. doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2016.06.006

Rippey, J. C., Carr, P. J., Cooke, M., Higgins, N. and Rickard, C. M. (2016), Predicting and preventing peripheral intravenous cannula insertion failure in the emergency department: Clinician 'gestalt' wins again. Emergency Medicine Australasia. doi:10.1111/1742-6723.12695

Ullman AJ, Cooke ML, Mitchell M, Lin F, New K, Long DA, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Dressing and securement for central venous access devices (CVADs): a Cochrane Systematic Review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, April 2016  doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016.04.003

Ullman AJ, Kleidon T, Gibson V, Long DA, Williams T, McBride CA, Hallahan A, Mihala G, Cooke M, Rickard CM. Central venous Access device SeCurement And Dressing Effectiveness (CASCADE) in paediatrics: protocol for pilot randomised controlled trials. BMJ Open 2016 3;6(6):e011197. Epub 2016 Jun 3.

Ullman AJ, Keogh S, Coyer F, Long DA, New K, Rickard CM. 'True Blood' The Critical Care Story:An audit of blood sampling practice across three adult, paediatric and neonatal intensive care settings. Australian Critical Care 29 (2016) 90-95. DOI: 10.1016/j.aucc.2015.06.002

Zhang L, Cao S, Marsh N, Ray-Barruel G, Fynn J, Larsen E,  Rickard CM. Infection risks associated with peripheral vascular catheters. Journal of Infection Prevention 1-7. DOI: 10.1177/1757177416655472



Takashima M, Ray-Barruel G, Keogh S, Rickard CM. Randomised controlled trials in peripheral vascular access catheters: a scoping review. Vascular Access. 2015;1(2):10-37.

Rickard CM, Marsh N, Webster J, Playford EG, McGrail MR, Larsen E, Keogh S, McMillan D, Whitty JA, Choudhury, MA, Dunster KR, Reynolds H, Marshall A, Crilly J, Young J, Thom O, Gowardman J, Corley A, Fraser JF. Securing All intraVenous devices Effectively in hospitalized patients - The SAVE Trial: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open.

Ullman AJ, Marsh N, Mihala G, Cooke M, Rickard CM. Complications of Central Venous Access Devices: A Systematic Review. Pediatrics. 2015 Nov;136(5):e1331-44. doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-1507. Epub 2015 Oct 12.

Meng, C., & Lin, F. (2015). Dressings and securement for central venous catheters (CVC). Journal of Chinese Nursing Management. [In Chinese]. Retrieved from http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5MTMxNzg1NA==&mid=210577546&idx=2&sn=915c694aeaec062e31b7ef5be967e69a&scene=2&srcid=10097gkgLJ8V

Ullman A, Cooke M, Mitchell M, Lin F, New K, Long D, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Dressings and securement devices for central venous catheters (CVC) (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2015, Sep 10;9:CD010367.

Alexandrou E, Ray-Barruel G, Carr P, Frost S, Inwood S, Higgins N, Lin F, Mermel L, Rickard CM. A global prevalence study on the use of peripheral intravenous catheters: results of a pilot study in 13 countries. Journal of Hospital Medicine. Aug;10(8):530-3. doi: 10.1002/jhm.2389. JIF=2.1.

Keogh S, Flynn J, Marsh N, Higgins N, Davies K, Rickard CM. Maintenance of vascular access device patency: A cross sectional survey of nursing and midwifery practice. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2015. Jul 11. pii: S0020-7489(15)00222-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2015.07.001.

Walker G, Rickard CM, Alexandrou E, Webster J, Chan R. Effectiveness of electrocardiographic guidance in CVAD tip placement. British Journal of Nursing. 2015 Jul 22;24 Suppl 14:S4-S12. doi: 10.12968/bjon.2015.24.Sup14.S4.

Marsh N, Mihala G, Ray-Barruel G, Webster J, Wallis MC, Rickard CM. Inter-rater agreement of peripheral intravenous catheter-related phlebitis signs, symptoms and scales. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2015. Jul 17. doi: 10.1111/jep.12396.

Sharp, RJ, Cummings, M, Fielder, AL, Mikocka-Walus, A, Grech, CM, Esterman, AJ 2015, 'The catheter to vein ratio and rates of symptomatic venous thromboembolism in patients with a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC): A prospective cohort study', International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 52, pp. 677-685.

Sharp, RJ, Cummings, MD, Childs, JT, Fielder, AL, Mikocka-Walus, A, Grech, CM, Esterman, AJ 2015, 'Measurement of vein diameter for peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) insertion: an observational study', Journal of Infusion Nursing, vol. 38, pp. 351-357.

Ullman A, Keogh S, Long D, Coyer F, New K, Rickard CM. 'True Blood' The Critical Care Story: An audit of blood sampling practice across adult, paediatric and neonatal intensive care settings. ACC. 2015 June. pii: S1036-7314(15)00075-2. doi: 10.1016/j.aucc.2015.06.002.

Keogh S., Ullman A. Blood sampling in critical care- every drop counts! TQN. August 2015. Pg 31.

Kabululu E, Ray-Barruel G, Alexandrou E, Rickard C. One million global catheters PIVC worldwide prevalence study: building alliances to put vascular access device management and infection prevention on the world stage from Australia to the Democratic Republic of Congo. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control. 2015;4(Suppl 1):P204. doi:10.1186/2047-2994-4-S1-P204.

Marsh NM, Webster J, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Devices and dressings to secure peripheral venous catheters to prevent complications. (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. JIF=6.3. In press 2015, Issue 4.

Julie M. Flynn, Samantha J. Keogh, Nicole C. Gavin. Sterile v aseptic non-touch technique for needle-less connector care on central venous access devices in a bone marrow transplant population: A comparative study. European J Oncology Nursing. Published Online: June 06, 2015

Alexandrou E, Ray-Barruel G, Carr P, Frost S, Inwood S, Higgins N, Lin F, Alberto L, Mermel L, Rickard CM. A global prevalence study on the use of peripheral intravenous catheters: results of a pilot study in 13 countries. Journal of Hospital Medicine. On-line June 5.

Ray-Barruel G, Rickard CM. Global is local: bringing IV research back to the bedside. British Journal of Nursing 2015; 24: Supp8:S3 (Editorial).

Ullman AJ, Cooke M, Rickard CM. Examining the role of securement and dressing products to prevent central venous access device failure: a narrative review. Journal for the Association of Vascular Access on line May 2015.

Webster J, McGrail M, Marsh N, Wallis M, Ray-Barruel G, Rickard CM. Post infusion phlebitis: Incidence and risk factors. Nursing Research and Practice. 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/691934.

Reynolds H, Taraporewella K, Tower M, Rickard CM. Assessment of Dressing and Securement Techniques for Peripheral Arterial Catheters: A Narrative Review. Vascular Access. 2015 1(1):21-32

Kleidon T, Illing A, Fogarty G, Edwards R, Tomlinson J, Ullman A. Improving the central venous access devices maintenance process to reduce associated infections in paediatrics: evaluation of a practical multi-faceted quality-improvement initiative. Healthcare Infection.

Higgins N, Keogh S, Rickard CM. Evaluation of a pilot educational program on safe and effective insertion and management of peripheral intravenous catheters. Journal of the Association of Vascular Access. 2015, 20(1): 37-42.

Simonov M, Pittiruti M, Rickard CM, Chopra V. Navigating venous access: a guide for hospitalists. Journal of Hospital Medicine. 2015. On-line early March.

Marsh N, Webster J, Flynn J, Mihala G, Fraser J, Rickard CM. Securement methods for peripheral venous catheters: A randomised controlled pilot trial. Journal of Vascular Access. 2015. On-line early 4th Feb. 

Ullman A, Keogh S, Marsh N. Routine versus clinically indicated replacement of peripheral catheters. British Journal of Nursing. 2015. 24(Sup2): S14.

Carr, P. J. and Rippey, J. C. R. (2015), Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis: a complication of an indwelling peripherally inserted central venous catheter. Clinical Case Reports. doi: 10.1002/ccr3.187

Reynolds H, Taraporewella K, Tower M, Mihala G, Tuffaha H, Fraser JF, Rickard CM. Novel Technologies Can Provide Effective Dressing and Securement for Peripheral Arterial Catheters: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial in the Operating Theatre and the Intensive Care Unit. Australian Critical Care. 2015. January. On-line early. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2014.12.001.

Claire M Rickard, Nicole M Marsh, Joan Webster, Nicole C Gavin, Matthew R McGrail, Emily Larsen, Amanda Corley, Debbie Long, John R Gowardman, Marghie Murgo, John F Fraser, Raymond J Chan, Marianne C Wallis, Jeanine Young, David McMillan, Li Zhang, Md Abu Choudhury, Nicholas Graves, E Geoffrey Playford. Intravascular device administration sets: replacement after standard versus prolonged use in hospitalised patientsa study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (The RSVP Trial) BMJ Open 2015 Febr. Vol. 5 Issue 2. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-007257



Malyon L, Ullman AJ, Philips N, Young J, Kleidon T, Murfield J, Rickard CM. Peripheral intravenous catheter duration and failure in paediatric acute care: a prospective cohort study. Emergency Medicine Australasia. 2014; Oct 23: doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12305. [Epub ahead of print] JIF=1.2.

Edwards, Melanie; Rickard, Claire M; Rapchuk, Ivan; Corley, Amanda; Marsh, Nicole; Spooner, Amy J; Mihala, Gabor and Fraser, John F. A pilot trial of bordered polyurethane dressings, tissue adhesive and sutureless devices compared with standard polyurethane dressings for securing short-term arterial catheters [online]. Critical Care and Resuscitation, Vol. 16, No. 3, Sep 2014: 175-[183]

Tuffaha H, Reynolds H, Gordon L, Rickard CM, Scuffham P. Value of information analysis informing future trial design from a pilot study on catheter securement devices. Clinical Trials. 2014. Dec;11(6):648-56. JIF=1.9.

Carr PJ, Higgins NS, Cooke ML, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Vascular access specialist teams for device insertion and prevention of failure (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD011429. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011429.

Sharp, RJ, Esterman, AJ, McCutcheon, H 2014, 'The safety and efficacy of midlines compared to peripherally inserted central catheters for adult cystic fibrosis patients: A retrospective, observational study', International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 51, pp. 694-702.

Sharp, RJ, Grech, CM, Fielder, AL, Mikocka-Walus, A, Cummings, M, Esterman, AJ 2014, 'The patient experience of a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC): A qualitative descriptive study', Contemporary Nurse, vol. 48, pp. 26-35.

Marsh NM, Webster J, Rickard CM. Devices and dressings to secure peripheral venous catheters to prevent complications. (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2014. Issue 4, 12 April. JIF=5.9.

Zhang L, Gowardman J, Morrison M, Krause L, Playford EG, Rickard CM. Molecular investigation of bacterial communities on intravascular catheters: no longer just Staphylococcus. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2014 Feb 6. [Epub ahead of print]

Keogh S, Marsh N, Davies K, Higgins N, Rickard CM. A time and motion study of peripheral venous catheter flushing practice using manually prepared and pre-filled flush syringes. Journal of Infusion Nursing. 2014. 37(2) 96-101.  doi: 10.1097/NAN.0000000000000024.

Tuffaha HW, Rickard CM, Webster J, Marsh N, Gordon L, Wallis M, Scuffham P.  Cost-effectiveness analysis of clinically-indicated versus routine replacement of peripheral intravenous catheters. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. 2014. 12 (1): 51-58. doi: 10.1007/s40258-013-0077-2.

Ullman A, Long D, Rickard CM. Prevention of central venous catheter infections: a survey of paediatric ICU nurses' knowledge and practices. Nurse Education Today, 2014 34, 202-207.  doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2013.09.002.

Wallis MC, McGrail MR, Webster J, Marsh N, Gowardman JR, Playford EG, Rickard CM. Risk factors for peripheral intravenous catheter failure: a multivariate analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 2014; 35(1), 63-68.

Zhang L, Morrison M, Rickard CM. Genome Sequence of Ralstonia pickettii AU12-08, Isolated from an Intravascular Catheter in Australia.Genome Announc. 2014 Feb 6;2(1). pii: e00027-14. doi: 10.1128/genomeA.00027-14.

Ray-Barruel G, Polit D, Murfield J, Rickard CM. Infusion phlebitis assessment measures: A systematic review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2014 Apr;20(2):191-202. doi: 10.1111/jep.12107. 2.      

Ullman AJ, Long DA, Rickard CM. Paediatric ICU Nurses' Knowledge and Practices to Prevent Central Venous Access Device Infections: Implications for Clinicians. British Journal of Nursing: 2014 23 (8) S16-18.

Sohrabi, M., Zhang, L., Zhang, K., Ahmetagic, A. and Wei, M. Volatile organic compounds as novel markers for the detection of bacterial infections, Clinical Microbiology: Open Access. (in press) Invited paper.

Keogh S., Flynn J. Maintenance of intravascular device patency: a survey of nursing and midwifery flushing practice. TQN. Apr 2014. Pg 31.

Zhang, L., Keogh S. and Rickard, C.M. Reducing the risk of infection associated with vascular access devices through nanotechnology. International Journal of Nanomedicine. 8, 4453-4466. IF 3.5. Invited paper.

Zhang, L., Marsh, N., Mcgrail, M., Webster, J., Playford, G. G. and Rickard, C.M. Assessing microbial colonization of peripheral intravascular devices. Journal of Infection. 67, 353-355. IF 4.1

Tuffaha H, Gordon L, Rickard C, Inwood S, Scuffham P. The epic3 recommendation that clinically-indicated replacement of peripheral venous catheters is safe and cost saving: How much would the NHS save? Journal of Hospital Infection. 2014. 87(3), 183-4. JIF=3.2

New K, Webster J, Marsh N, Hewer B. Intravascular device utilisation, management, documentation and complications: a point prevalence survey. Australian Health Review. 2014. 38(3) June, 345-349.

Alexandrou E. The One Million Global Catheters PIVC worldwide prevalence study. Br J Nurs. 2014 Apr 24-May 7;23(8):S16-7.



Russell E, Chan RJ, Marsh N, New K. A point prevalence study of cancer nursing practices for managing intravascular devices in an Australian tertiary cancer center.Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2013 Dec 26. pii: S1462-3889(13)00166-X. doi: 10.1016/j.ejon.2013.11.010.

Rickard CM, Webster J, Playford EG. Prevention of peripheral intravenous catheter-related bloodstream infections: the need for routine replacement. Response to letter to the editor. Medical Journal of Australia.  2013; 199 (11). JIF=2.8. 751-751. 10.5694/mja13.11352

Zhang L, Keogh S, Rickard CM. Reducing the risk of infection associated with vascular access devices through nanotechnology: A perspective. International Journal of Nanomedicine. 2013. 8: 4053-4466 doi: 10.2147/IJN.S50312.

Ullman AJ, Cooke M, Gillies DM, Marsh N, Daud A, McGrail M, O'Riordan E, Rickard CM. Optimal timing for intravascular administration set replacement (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2013. Issue 9. Sep 15;9: DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003588.pub3

Carr PJ, Alexandrou E, Jackson GM, Spencer TR. Assessing the Quality of Central Venous Catheter and Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter Videos on the YouTube Video-Sharing Web site. Journal of the Association for Vascular Access (JAVA).  2013. August. 18 (3), 177-182. 

Sharp, RJ, Fielder, AL, Mikocka-Walus, A, Childs, JT, Grech, CM, Cummings, M, Esterman, AJ 2013, 'Vein measurement by peripherally inserted central catheter nurses using ultrasound: A reliability study', Journal for the Association for Vascular Access, vol. 18, pp. 234-238.

Keogh, S. New Research: Change Peripheral Intravenous Catheters as Clinically Indicated, Not Routinely. Journal of the Association for Vascular Access (JAVA).  2013. August. 18 (3), 153-154.

Zhang L, Marsh N, McGrail MR, Webster J, Playford EG, Rickard CM. Assessing microbial colonization of peripheral intravascular devices. Journal of Infection. Oct. 67(4): 353-5. doi:pii: S0163-4453(13)00146-1. 10.1016/j.jinf.2013.06.001.

Rickard CM, Webster J, Playford EG. Prevention of peripheral intravenous catheter-related bloodstream infections the need for a new focus. Medical Journal of Australia. 2013. 198 (10): 519-520.

Zhang L, Morrison M, O'Cuiv P, Evans P, and Rickard C. Genome sequence of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain AU12-09, isolated from intravascular catheter. Genome Announcements. 2013 May 2;1(3). doi:pii: e00195-13. 10.1128/genomeA.00195-13. [new journal 2013, formerly J Bacteriology G.A.]

Webster J, Osborne S, Rickard CM, New K. (2013) Clinically-indicated replacement versus routine replacement of peripheral venous catheters. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. April 30;4:CD007798

Reynolds H, Dulhunty J, Taropawella K, Tower M, Rickard CM. A snapshot of guideline compliance reveals room for improvement: A survey of peripheral arterial catheter practices in Australian operating theatres. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2013, 69(7): 1584-1594.

Zhang L, Morrison M, Nimmo G, Sriprakash K, Mondot S, Gowardman J, George N, Marsh N, Rickard CM. Molecular investigation of bacterial communities on the inner and outer surfaces of peripheral venous catheters. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 2013.  Aug;32(8):1083-90. doi: 10.1007/s10096-013-1854-4.

Chan R. (2013) Intravascular device-related research: future priorities areas for cancer nursing.  Cancer Nursing. 36(2):89-90.

Keogh S. Keeping IVs Working. TQN. April 2013. Pg 31.

Alexandrou E, Spencer TR, Frost SA, Mifflin N, Davidson PM, Hillman KM. Central venous catheter placement by advanced practice nurses demonstrates low procedural complication and infection rates--a report from 13 years of service*.Crit Care Med. 2014 Mar;42(3):536-43. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3182a667f0.

Ullman A, Cooke M, Mitchell M, Lin F, New K, Long D, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Dressings and securement devices for central venous catheters (CVC) (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Feb 2013. Issue 2.

Daud A, Cooke M, Reynolds H, Rickard CM. Replacement of administration sets (including transducers) for peripheral arterial catheters: a systematic review. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2013; 22(3-4): 303-317.

Gowardman J, Jeffries P, Lassig-Smith M, Stuart J, Jarret P, Deans R, McGrail M, George N, Nimmo G, Rickard CM. A comparative assessment of two conservative methods for the diagnosis of catheter-related infection in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Medicine. 2013. 39(1):109-16.

Webster J, Bell-Syer SE, Foxlee R. Skin preparation with alcohol versus alcohol followed by any antiseptic for preventing bacteraemia or contamination of blood for transfusion. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jan 31;1:CD007948. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007948.pub2. Review. 



Zhang L, Morrison M, O Cuiv P, Evans P, Rickard C. Genome sequence of Staphylococcus epidermidis strain AU12-03, isolated from intravascular catheter. Genome Announcement. Journal of Bacteriology. 2012.  Dec;194(23):6639. doi: 10.1128/JB.01693-12. 

Keogh S. New research on i.v. catheters overturns 40 years of practice. Qld Nurse. 2012 Oct;31(5):27.

Rickard CM, Webster J, Wallis MC, Marsh N, McGrail MR, French V, Foster L, Gallagher P, Gowardman JR, Zhang L, McClymont A, Whitby M. Routine versus clinically indicated replacement of peripheral intravenous catheters: a randomised controlled equivalence trial. The Lancet. 2012 Sep 21. Issue 380. 1066-1074.

Alexandrou E, Murgo M, Calabria E, Spencer TR, Carpen H, Brennan K, Frost SA, Davidson PM, Hillman KM. Nurse-led central venous catheter insertion-procedural characteristics and outcomes of three intensive care based catheter placement services. Int J Nurs Stud. 2012 Feb;49(2):162-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.08.011.

Chan RJ, Northfield S, Alexander A, Rickard CM (2012) Using the Collaborative Evidence Based Practice Model: a systematic review and uptake of chlorhexidine-impregnated sponge dressings on central venous access devices in a tertiary cancer care centre. Australian Journal of Cancer Nursing. 2012; 13(2):10-15.

Simonova G, Rickard CM, Dunster KR, Smyth DJ, McMillan D, Fraser JF.  Can cyanoacrylate tissue adhesives provide superior securement of intravascular catheters? In vitro testing of safety and feasibility. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. 2012;40(3):460-66. 



Alexandrou, E., Ramjan, L., Spencer, T., Frost, S.A., Salamonson, Y., Davidson, P.M., Hillman, K.M. (2011). The use of midline catheters in the adult acute care setting clinical implications and recommendations for practice. Journal of the Association for Vascular Access, 16 (1), 813.

Webster J, Gillies D, O'Riordan E, Sherrif K, Rickard CM. Gauze and tape and transparent polyurethane dressings for central venous catheters. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2011 Issue 11. No. 10. Nov 9, CD003827. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003827.pub2

Zhang L, Gowardman JR, Rickard CM. The impact of microbial attachment on intravascular catheter-related infections. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 2011;38(1):9-15.

Gavin NC, Webster J, Chan, RJ, Rickard CM. Frequency of dressing changes for central venous access devices on catheter-related infections (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2011 Issue 7. Art. No.: CD009213. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009213

Carr PJ, Glynn RW, Dineen B, Devitt D, Flaherty G, Kropmans TJ, Kerin M. Interns' attitudes to IV cannulation: a KAP study.Br J Nurs. 2011 Feb 24-Mar 9;20(4):S15-20.



Zhang L, Sriprikash S, McMillan D, Gowardman JR, Patel B, Rickard CM. Microbiological pattern of arterial catheters in the intensive care unit. BMC Microbiology, 2010; 10:266. JIF=3.4,  *Designated 'Highly Accessed' (1153 full downloads in first 3 months)*

Carr PJ, Glynn RW, Dineen B, Kropmans TJ. A pilot intravenous cannulation team: an Irish perspective. Br J Nurs. 2010 May 27-Jun 9;19(10):S19-27.

Gowardman JR, Lipman J, Rickard CM.  Assessment of peripheral arterial catheters as a source of sepsis in the critically ill: A narrative review. Journal of Hospital Infection, 2010; 75(1) 12-18.

Rickard CM, McCann D, Munnings J, McGrail MR. Routine resite of peripheral intravenous devices every 3 days did not reduce complications compared with clinically indicated resite: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Medicine, 2010 8:53. *Selected in 'Top 10 Developments in Intravenous Care for 2010' by IVTeam international network*

Yacopetti N, Alexandrou E, Spencer TR, Frost SA, Davidson PM, O'Sullivan G, Hillman KM. Central venous catheter insertion by a clinical nurse consultant or anaesthetic medical staff: a single-centre observational study. Crit Care Resusc. 2010 Jun;12(2):90-5.

Alexandrou E, Spencer TR, Frost SA, Parr MJ, Davidson PM, Hillman KM. A review of the nursing role in central venous cannulation: implications for practice policy and research.  J Clin Nurs. 2010 Jun;19(11-12):1485-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.02910.x.

Webster J, Osborne S, Hall J, Rickard CM. Clinically indicated replacement versus routine replacement of peripheral venous catheters. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD007798. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007798. *In Top 3 downloads for 2011 for Cochrane Peripheral Vascular Disease Group Reviews *

Alexandrou, E., Spencer, T., Frost, S.A., Parr, M., Davidson, P.M., Hillman, K.M. (2010). Establishing a nurse-led central venous catheter insertion service. Journal of the Association for Vascular Access, 15 (1), 2127


Rickard CM, Keene LJ, Vannapraseuth B, Rambaldo S, McGrail MR, Ray-Barruel G. A cross-sectional study investigating the relationship between intravenous infusate colonisation and fluid container hang time. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 2009: 18(21): 3022-3028.

Van Donk P, Doolan G, McGrail MR, Rickard CM. Routine replacement versus clinical monitoring of peripheral intravenous devices in a regional Hospital in the Home program: a randomized controlled trial. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 2009: 30(9): 915-7.



Webster J, Clarke S, Paterson D, Hutton A, van Dyk S, Gale C, Hopkins T. Routine care of peripheral intravenous catheters versus clinically indicated replacement: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2008 Jul 8;337:a339. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a339.

Alexandrou E, Spencer T, Davidson P.  Nursing central line service prevents catheter related infections.  Aust Nurs J. 2008 Jun;15(11):49.

Gowardman JR, Robertson IK, Parkes S, Rickard CM. Influence of insertion site on central venous device (CVC) colonization and bloodstream infection rates. Intensive Care Medicine, 34(6): 2008: 1038-1045. *Selected as 'Article of the Month' by the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine *

Koh D, Gowardman JR, Rickard CM, Robertson I, Brown A.  A prospective study of peripheral intra arterial (AC) device infection and comparison with concurrently sited central venous devices (CVCs). Critical Care Medicine, 2008: 36(2): 397-402. *Selected as feature article for Continuing Medical Education points*



Webster J, Morris HL, Robinson K, Sanderson U. Development and validation of a Vein Assessment Tool (VAT). Aust J Adv Nurs. 2007 Jun-Aug;24(4):5-7.

Webster J, Osborne S. Phlebitis associated with peripheral intravenous catheters. Am J Infect Control. 2007 May;35(4):287; author reply 287-8.

Webster J, Lloyd S, Hopkins T, Osborne S, Yaxley M. Developing a Research base for Intravenous Peripheral cannula re-sites (DRIP trial). A randomised controlled trial of hospital in-patients. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007 Jul;44(5):664-71. Epub 2006 Mar 30.

Rickard CM, O'Meara P, McGrail MR, Garner D, McLean A, Le Lievre P. A randomized controlled trial of intranasal fentanyl versus intravenous morphine for prehospital analgesia. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2007: 25(8): 911-917.

Roberts JA, Boots R, Rickard CM, Thomas P, Quinn J, Roberts DM, Richards B, Lipman J. Is continuous infusion ceftriaxone better than once-a-day dosing in intensive care? A randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2007: 59(2): 285-291.



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