Our Publications


Marsh, N., Larsen, E., Tapp, S., Sommerville, M., Mihala, G., & Rickard, C. M. (2020). Management of Hospital In The Home (HITH) Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Home Health Care Management & Practice, 32(1), 3439. https://doi.org/10.1177/1084822319873334

Archer-Jones A, Sweeny A, Schults JA, Rickard CM, Johnson L, Gunter A, Watkins S. Evaluating an ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous cannulation training program for emergency clinicians: An Australian perspective. Australasian Emergency Care, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2019.12.008.

Patricia Vendramim, Ariane Ferreira Machado Avelar, Claire M Rickard, Mavilde da Luz Gonçalves Pedreira. The RESPECT trial - Replacement of peripheral intravenous catheters according to clinical reasons or every 96 hours: a randomized, controlled, non-inferiority trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2019.103504.

Pearse BL, Keogh S, Rickard CM, Faulke DJ, Smith I, Wall D, McDonald C, Fung YL. Bleeding Management Practices of Australian Cardiac Surgeons, Anesthesiologists and Perfusionists: A Cross-Sectional National Survey Incorporating the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) and COM-B Model. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2020 Jan 15;13:27-41. doi: 10.2147/JMDH.S232888.

Ullman AJ, Takashima M, Kleidon T, Ray-Barruel G, Alexandrou E, Rickard CM. Global pediatric peripheral intravenous catheter practice and performance: A secondary analysis of 4206 catheters. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2019.09.023

Schults, J. A., Woods, C., Cooke, M., Kleidon, T., Marsh, N., Ray-Barruel, G., & Rickard, C. M. (2020). Healthcare practitioner perspectives and experiences regarding vascular access device data: An exploratory study. International Journal of Healthcare Management, 1-8. doi:10.1080/20479700.2020.1721750

Ray-Barruel G, Cooke M, Chopra V, Mitchell M, Rickard CM. The I-DECIDED clinical decision-making tool for peripheral intravenous catheter assessment and safe removal: a clinimetric evaluation. BMJ Open. 2020;10(1):e035239. tp://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/10/1/e035239.abstract


Corley A, Ullman AJ, Mihala G, Ray-Barruel G, Alexandrou E, Rickard CM. Prevalence of suboptimal dressing integrity and site complications in 40,637 peripheral intravenous catheters, and their association with dressing and securement practices. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2019 Doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2019.103409 

Lye, India & Corley, Amanda & Rickard, Claire & Marsh, Nicole. (2019). Removal versus retention of vascular access devices (VADs) suspected of infection in the intensive care unit (ICU): a narrative review of the literature. Vascular Access. 5. 42-48. 10.33235/va.5.2.42-48. 

Burns K, McBride C, Patel B, FitzGerald G, Mathews S, Drennan J. Creating Consumer-Generated Health Data: Interviews and a Pilot Trial Exploring How and Why Patients Engage. J Med Internet Res. 2019 Jun 13;21(6):e12367. doi: 10.2196/12367.

Ullman AJ, Kleidon TM, Turner K, Gibson V, Dean A, Cattanach P, et al. Skin Complications Associated With Pediatric Central Venous Access Devices: Prevalence, Incidence, and Risk. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing. 2019;36(5):343-51.

Hovik LH, Gjeilo KH, Lydersen S, Rickard CM, Rotvold B, Damas JK, et al. Monitoring quality of care for peripheral intravenous catheters; feasibility and reliability of the peripheral intravenous catheters mini questionnaire (PIVC-miniQ). BMC health services research. 2019;19(1):636. Epub 2019/09/07. doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4497-z. 

Mitchell M, Ullman AJ, Takashima M, Davis C, Mihala G, Powell M, Gibson V, Zhang L, Bauer M, Playford EG, Rickard CM: Central venous Access device SeCurement And Dressing Effectiveness: the CASCADE pilot randomised controlled trial in Adult Intensive Care. Australian Critical Care, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2019.10.002.

I Lye, A Corley, CM Rickard, N Marsh. Removal versus retention of vascular access devices (VADs) suspected of infection in the intensive care unit (ICU): a narrative review of the literature. Vascular Access 2019; 5(2):42-48. DOI https://doi.org/10.33235/va.5.2.42-48

Ullman AJ, Xu H, Mitchell A, Doyle R, Kleidon T, Rickard C, et al. Paediatric nursing research in Australia: A descriptive survey. Collegian. 2019.

Schults JA, Kleidon T, Petsky HL, Stone R, Schoutrop J, Ullman AJ. Peripherally inserted central catheter design and material for reducing catheter failure and complications. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2019, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD013366. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD013366.

Davies H, Coventry LL, Jacob A, Stoneman L, Jacob E. Blood sampling through peripheral intravenous cannulas: A look at current practice in Australia.Collegian (2019), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2019.07.010 

Ullman AJ, Long D, Williams T, Pearson K, Mihala G, Mattke AC, Macfarlane F, Rickard CM. Innovation in Central Venous Access Device Security: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial in Pediatric Critical Care. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2019 Jul 3. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000002059. [Epub ahead of print]

J Schults, C Rickard, T Kleidon, R Paterson, F Macfarlane, A Ullman. Difficult Peripheral Venous Access in Children: An International Survey and Critical Appraisal of Assessment Tools and Escalation Pathways.  Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 2019; 0:0, 110. Accepted: June 5, 2019

Ullman AJ, Bulmer AC, Dargaville TR, Rickard CM, Chopra V. Antithrombogenic peripherally inserted central catheters: overview of efficacy and safety. Expert review of medical devices. 2019;16(1):25-33. Epub 2018/12/05. doi: 10.1080/17434440.2019.1555466. PubMed PMID: 30513003

Frost, Steven & Hou, Yu & Lombardo, Lien & Metcalfe, Lauren & Lynch, Joan & Hunt, Leanne & Alexandrou, Evan & Brennan, Kathleen & Sanchez, David & Aneman, Anders & Christensen, Martin. (2018). Evidence for the effectiveness of chlorhexidine bathing and health care-associated infections among adult intensive care patients: a trial sequential meta-analysis. BMC Infectious Diseases. 18. 10.1186/s12879-018-3521-y. 

Dickson, Hugh & Flynn, Olivia & West, Dana & Alexandrou, Evan & Mifflin, Nicholas & Malone, Matthew. (2019). A Cluster of Failures of Midline Catheters in a Hospital in the Home Program: A Retrospective Analysis. Journal of Infusion Nursing. 42. 203-208. 10.1097/NAN.0000000000000330. 

Webster, J & Ray-Barruel, G & Rickard, C & Marsh, N & Mihalia, G & Alexandrou, E. (2019). "Just in case". Use of large-bore peripheral intravenous catheters in parturient women: A global study. Vascular Access. 5. 4-7. 10.33235/va.5.1.4-7. 

Kleidon, T.M., Rickard, C.M., Schults, J.A., Mihala, G., McBride, C.A., Rudkin, J., Chaseling, B. and Ullman, A.J. (2020), Development of a paediatric central venous access device database: A retrospective cohort study of practice evolution and risk factors for device failure. J Paediatr Child Health. doi:10.1111/jpc.14600

T Katsoulas, M Kapritsou, E Alexandrou, M Bastaki, M Giannakopoulou, P Kiekkas, E Stafylarakis, EA Konstantinou. Peripherally inserted central catheter ports: A vascular access specialist's systematic approach. Journal of Vascular Nursing, Volume 37, Issue 2, 2019, Pages 113-116, ISSN 1062-0303, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvn.2019.03.001.

Coventry, L., Jacob, A., Davies, H., Stoneman, L., Keogh, S., Jacob, E., Drawing blood from peripheral intravenous cannula compared with venepuncture: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Accepted for publication 2nd April 2019. Journal of Advanced Nursing

MdA Choudhury, HE Sidjabat, HM Zowawi, N Marsh, E Larsen, N Runnegar, DL Paterson, DJ McMillan, CM Rickard. Skin colonization at peripheral intravenous catheter insertion sites increases the risk of catheter colonization and infection. American Journal of Infection Control 000 (2019) 15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2019.06.002

Hawthorn, A., Bulmer, A. C., Mosawy, S., & Keogh, S. (2019). Implications for maintaining vascular access device patency and performance: Application of science to practice. The Journal of Vascular Access. https://doi.org/10.1177/1129729818820200

Ray-Barruel G, Woods C, Larsen EN, Marsh N, Ullman AJ, Rickard CM. Nurses' decision-making about intravenous administration set replacement: A qualitative study. J Clin Nurs. 2019.

Ray-Barruel G, Xu H, Marsh N, Cooke M, Rickard CM. Effectiveness of insertion and maintenance bundles in preventing peripheral intravenous catheter-related complications and bloodstream infection in hospital patients: A systematic review. Infect Dis Health. 2019;24(3):152-68.

Ullman, A. J., Kleidon, T. M., Turner, K., Gibson, V., Dean, A., Cattanach, P., Rickard, C. M. (2019). Skin Complications Associated With Pediatric Central Venous Access Devices: Prevalence, Incidence, and Risk. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043454219849572

Coventry L, Hosking JM, Chan DT, Coral E, Lim WH, Towell-Barnard A, Twigg DE, Rickard CM. Variables associated with successful vascular access cannulation in hemodialysis patients: a prospective cohort study. BMC Nephrology. Published: 31 May 2019. BMC Nephrology 2019 20:197. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12882-019-1373-3

Kaur P, Rickard CM, Domer GS, Glover KR. Dangers of peripheral intravenous catheterization: The forgotten tourniquet and other patient safety considerations. Provisional Chapter. Vignettes in Patient Safety - Volume 4. Published: February 9th 2019. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.83854

DeVries M. Revisiting CLABSI prevention strategies: Part 1. Follow the basics to keep your patients safe. American Nurse Today. May 2019 Vol. 14 No. 5. 

DeVries M, Lee J, Hoffman L. Infection free midline catheter implementation at a community hospital (2 years). American Journal of Infection Control. 2019. ISSN 0196-6553. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2019.03.001.

August D, Ullman AJ, Rickard CM, New K. Peripheral intravenous catheter practices in Australian and New Zealand neonatal units: A cross-sectional survey. Journal of Neonatal Nursing. Available online 19 March 2019 

Ray-Barruel G. Challenging the status quo: Time to adopt the "80% sure" principle? Vascular Access 2019; 5(1):2. DOI https://doi.org/10.33235/va.5.1.2

Larsen E, Marsh N, Rickard CM. Peripheral venous catheter dressings- comparing the old with the new. Hospital+Healthcare. Autumn 2019. Pg18-19. hospitalhealth.com.au

Kleidon TM, Keogh, Flynn J, Schults J, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Flushing of peripheral intravenous catheters: A pilot, factorial, randomised controlled trial of high versus low frequency and volume in paediatrics. J Paediatr Child Health. 2019 Apr 29. doi: 10.1111/jpc.14482. [Epub ahead of print] 

Jessica A. Schults, Debbie Long, Kylie Pearson, Mari Takashima, Thimitra Baveas, Luregn J. Schlapbach, Fiona Macfarlane, Amanda J. Ullman. Insertion, management, and complications associated with arterial catheters in paediatric intensive care: A clinical audit. Australian Crit care. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2019.05.003 

Pearse BL, Rickard CM, Keogh S, Lin Fung Y. A retrospective explanatory case study of the implementation of a bleeding management quality initiative, in an Australian cardiac surgery unit. Aust Crit Care. 2019 Mar;32(2):92-99. doi: 10.1016/j.aucc.2018.01.001.

Keogh S, Mathew S. Peripheral intravenous catheters: A review of guidelines and research. Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care. 

Flynn J, Larsen E, Keogh S, Ullman AJ, Rickard CM. Methods for microbial needleless connector decontamination: A systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Infection Control 00 (2019)1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2019.01.002

Carr PJ, Rippey JCR, Cooke ML, Higgins NS, Trevenen ML, Foale A, et al. (2019) Derivation of a clinical decision-making aid to improve the insertion of clinically indicated peripheral intravenous catheters and promote vessel health preservation. An observational study. PLoS ONE 14(3): e0213923. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0213923

Flynn J, Larsen E, Keogh S, Ullman A, Rickard C. Response to the Letter to the Editor regarding "Methods for microbial needleless connector decontamination: A systematic review and meta-analysis". American Journal of Infection Control, Volume 47, Issue 12, 1521 - 1522.

Clark, J. E., Graham, N., Kleidon, T., & Ullman, A. (2019). Taurolidine-Citrate Line Locks Prevent Recurrent Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection in Pediatric Patients. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 38(1), e16-e18. doi:10.1097/inf.0000000000002191

Slater K, Cooke M, Scanlan E,Rickard CM. (2019). Hand hygiene and needleless connector decontamination for peripheral intravenous catheter caretime and motion observational study. American Journal of Infection Control. 10.1016/j.ajic.2019.01.022. 

Kleidon TM, Cattanach P, Mihala G, Ullman AJ. Implementation of a paediatric peripheral intravenous catheter care bundle: A quality improvement initiative. J Paediatr Child Health. 2019 Jan 31. doi: 10.1111/jpc.14384. [Epub ahead of print] 

Schults JA, Rickard CM, Kleidon T, Hughes R, Macfarlane F, Hung J, Ullman AJ. Building a Global, Pediatric Vascular Access Registry: A Scoping Review of Trial Outcomes and Quality Indicators to Inform Evidence-Based Practice. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2019 Feb;16(1):51-59. doi: 10.1111/wvn.12339. Epub 2019 Jan 2.


Takashima, M., Schults, J., Mihala, G., Corley, A., & Ullman, A. (2018). Complication and Failures of Central Vascular Access Device in Adult Critical Care Settings. Crit Care Med, 46(12), 1998-2009. doi:10.1097/ccm.0000000000003370

Ullman, A. J., Mihala, G., O'Leary, K., Marsh, N., Woods, C., Bugden, S.,Rickard, C. M. (2018). Skin complications associated with vascular access devices: A secondary analysis of 13 studies involving 10,859 devices. Int J Nurs Stud, 91, 6-13. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2018.10.006

Larsen, E., Gavin, N., Marsh, N., Rickard, C., Runnegar, N., & Webster, J. (2019). A systematic review of central-lineassociated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) diagnostic reliability and error. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 40(10), 1100-1106. doi:10.1017/ice.2019.205

Ullman AJ, Bulmer AC, Dargaville TR, Rickard CM, Chopra V. Anti-thrombogenic peripherally inserted central catheters: Overview of efficacy and safety. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2018 Dec 4. doi: 10.1080/17434440.2019.1555466. [Epub ahead of print] 

Moureau N, March N, Zhang L, Bauer M, Larsen E, Mihala G, Corley A, Lye I, Cooke M, Rickard CM. Evaluation of Skin Colonisation And Placement of vascular access device Exit sites (ESCAPE Study). Journal of Infection Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1177/175717741880583 

Walker R, Ray-Barruel G. Australian team fosters global nursing research. QNMU In-scope 2018;6:50. June

Ray-Barruel G. Mark your calendars! Editorial. Vascular Access, 2018. October 4(2). 

Ray-Barruel G. Editorial. Vascular Access, 2018. April 4(1)

Cooke, M., Ullman, A. J., Ray-Barruel, G., Wallis, M., Corley, A., & Rickard, C. M. (2018). Not "just" an intravenous line: Consumer perspectives on peripheral intravenous cannulation (PIVC). An international cross-sectional survey of 25 countries. PLoS One, 13(2), e0193436. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0193436

Marsh N, Larsen E, Genzel J, Mihala G, Ullman A, Kleidon T, Cadigan S, Rickard CM. A novel integrated dressing to secure peripheral intravenous catheters in an adult acute hospital: a pilot randomised controlled trial 2018. 19:596. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2985-9

Marsh, N., Webster, J., Larsen, E., Genzel, J., Cooke, M., Mihala, G., Rickard, C. M. (2018). Expert versus generalist inserters for peripheral intravenous catheter insertion: a pilot randomised controlled trial. Trials, 19(1), 564. doi:10.1186/s13063-018-2946-3

Ullman, A. J., Mihala, G., O'Leary, K., Marsh, N., Woods, C., Bugden, S., Rickard, C. M. (2018). Skin complications associated with vascular access devices: A secondary analysis of 13 studies involving 10,859 devices. Int J Nurs Stud, 91, 6-13. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2018.10.006

Cooke, M. (2018). PIV Care: What you do (or don't do) matters to patients. InScope, Spring' p56.

Choden J, Carr PJ, Brock AR, Esterman A. Nurse performed peripheral intravenous catheter first time insertion success in pediatric patients in Bhutan: An observational study. Journal of Vascular Access. 2018 DOI: 10.1177/1129729818792826

Moureau NL, Carr PJ. Vessel Health and Preservation: a model and clinical pathway for using vascular access devices. British Journal of Nursing. 2018 Apr 26;27(8):S28-35

Carr PJ, Rippey JCR, Cooke ML. Michelle L Trevenen, Higgins N, Foale AS, Rickard CM. Factors associated with peripheral intravenous cannulation firsttime insertion success in the emergency department. A multicentre prospective cohort analysis of patient, clinician and product characteristics. BMJ Open 2019;9:e022278. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022278

Piper., R, Carr PJ., Kelsey L., Bulmer A., Keogh S., Doyle B. Towards a better understanding of the mechanistic causes of peripheral intravenous catheter failure: a parametric computational study. Scientific Reports- Nature. 2018 8(1) 

Ullman AJ, Dargaville TR, Rickard CM. Tissue adhesive and chlorhexidine gluconate interaction: Implications for vascular access device securement. Letter to the editor. The Journal of Vascular Access 1-2. First published Sept 25 2018. 

Carr P, Rippey JL, Cooke M, Higgins N, Trevenen M, Foale A, Rickard C. From insertion to removal: A multicenter survival analysis of an admitted cohort with peripheral intravenous catheters inserted in the emergency department. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. 1-6. 10.1017/ice.2018.190.

Tuffaha HW, Marsh M, Byrnes J, Nicole Gavin N, Joan Webster J, Cooke M, Rickard  CM. Cost of vascular access devices in public hospitals in Queensland. Australian Health Review. 4 September 2018. doi.:10.1071/AH18102 [Epub ahead of print]. 

Reynolds H, Ullman AJ, Culwick MD, Mihala G, Alexandrou E, Schults JA, Rickard CM.  Dressings and securement devices to prevent complications for peripheral arterial catheters (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD013023

Mihala G, Ray-Barruel G, Chopra V, Webster J, Wallis M, Marsh N, McGrail M, Rickard CM.  Phlebitis signs and symptoms with peripheral intravenous catheters.  Journal of Infusion Nursing. doi:10.1097/NZN.0000000000000288

Rickard CM, Marsh N, Webster J, Runnegar N, Larsen E, McGrail MR, Fullerton F, Bettington E, Whitty JA, Choudhury M, Tuffaha H, Corley A, McMillan D, Fraser JF, Marshall AP, Playford G. Dressings and securements for the prevention of peripheral intravenous catheter failure in adults (SAVE): a pragmatic, randomised controlled, superiority trial.  The Lancet. 26 July 2018. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31380-1

Slater K, Fullerton F, Cooke M, Snell S, Rickard CM. Needleless connector drying time-how long does it take? Am J Infect Control. 2018 Jun 5. pii: S0196-6553(18)30631-X. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2018.05.007. [Epub ahead of print] 

Rickard CM, Ullman AJ. Bloodstream infection and occlusion of central venous catheters in children. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Jun 5. pii: S1473-3099(18)30267-6. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30267-6. [Epub ahead of print] 

Alexandrou E, Ray-Barruel G, Carr PJ, Frost SA, Inwood S, Higgins N, Lin F, Alberto L, Mermel L, Rickard CM, OMG Study Group. Use of short peripheral intravenous catheters: characteristics, management, and outcomes worldwide. J Hosp Med. Online Only. May 30, 2018. doi: 10.12788/jhm.3039  
Appendix_2_study_recruitment_collaborators  Appendix 3 Number_of_hospitals_and_pivcs_assessed  
Appendix_4-1_-_pivc_dressing_gauze_tape  Appendix_4-2_-_compromised_pivc_dressings  Appendix_4-3_-_symptoms_of_phlebitis  
Appendix_4-4_-_other_signs_of_pivc_malfunction  Appendix_4-5_-_idle_pivcs  Appendix_4-6_-_no_documented_pivc_insertion_date_or_time

Ray-Barruel G, Cooke M, Mitchell M, Chopra V, & Rickard CM. Implementing the I-DECIDED clinical decision-making tool for peripheral intravenous catheter assessment and safe removal: protocol for an interrupted time-series study. BMJ Open, 2018;8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021290 

Alexandrou E, Ray-Barruel G, Carr PJ, Frost SA, Inwood S, Higgins N, Lin F, Alberto L, Mermel L, Rickard CM, OMG Study Group. Use of short peripheral intravenous catheters: characteristics, management, and outcomes worldwide. J Hosp Med. Online Only. May 30, 2018. doi: 10.12788/jhm.3039  

Castillo MI, Larsen E, Cooke M,  Marsh NM, Wallis MC, Finucane J, Brown P, Mihala G, Carr PJ, Byrnes J, Walker R, Cable P, Zhang L, Sear C, Jackson G, Rowsome A, Ryan A, Humphries JC, Sivyer S, Flanigan K, Rickard CM. Integrated versus nOn-integrated Peripheral inTravenous catheter. Which Is the most clinical and cost-effective systeM for peripheral intravenoUs catheter Management? (The OPTIMUM study): A randomised controlled trial protocol. BMJ Open. Published May 2018. 2018;8:e019916. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019916.

Corley A, Rolls K. Tissue adhesive for vascular access devices: who, what, where and when

Kleidon T, Rolls K. Novel dressing and securement techniques for PICC in paediatrics. 

Zhao DY, Brownlie J, Wells T, Zhang L. The impact of biofilms on intravascular catheter-related bloodstream infection and antimicrobial resistance. Vascular Access, Vol 3, Issue 1, April 2017 

Alexandrou E, Mifflin N, McManus C, Sou V, Frost SA. Extended dwell peripheral catheters in patients with difficult venous access: Comparison of a peripheral intravenous catheter and midline catheter. Vascular Access, Volume 4 Issue 1, April 2018. 

Ray-Barruel G, Rickard CM. Helping nurses help PIVCs: decision aids for daily assessment and maintenance. British Journal of Nursing, 2018 (IV Therapy Supplement), Vol 27, No 8

Reynolds H, Ullman AJ, Culwick MD, Mihala G, Alexandrou E, Schults JA, Rickard CM. Dressings and securement devices to prevent complications for peripheral arterial catheters. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2018, Issue 5. Art. No.: CD013023. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD013023

Woods C, Ray-Barruel G, Marsh N, Flynn J, Larsen E, Rickard CM. Registered nurses' experiences of using four methods of periferal intravenous catheter dressings and securement during a randomised controlled trial. A survey. Vascular Access Volume 4 Issue 1, April 2018 

Takashima, M., Gavin, N.C., Larsen, E.N., Northfield, S., Mihala, G., Corley, A., Ziegenfuss, M. & Rickard, C.M. Building a central vascular access device registry in an adult intensive care unit: feasibility study. Vascular Access. Apr 2018, 4(1), 1-9.

Woodward, Z., Brooks, P., Morris-Smith, B. Wallis, M & Ogbourne, S. (2018). Adsorption and Leachable Contamination of Flucloxacillin, Cyclosporin and Amiodarone Following Delivery Through an Intravenous Administration Set, Pharmaceutical Research, 35(6): 121. doi: 10.1007/s11095-018-2409-2. 

J Flynn, K Slater, M Cooke, CM Rickard.  Needleless connector decontamination: To use, or not to use, chlorhexidine?  American Journal of Infection Control, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.03.003

Webster J, Northfield S, Larsen EN, Marsh N, Rickard CM, Chan RJ. Insertion site assessment of peripherally inserted central catheters: Inter-observer agreement between nurses and inpatients. J Vasc Access. 2018 Mar 1:1129729818757965. doi: 10.1177/1129729818757965. [Epub ahead of print]

Hawkins T, Greenslade JH, Suna J, Williams J, Rickard CM, Jensen M, Donohue M, Cho E, Van Hise C, Egerton-Warburton D, Cullen L. CME Information: Peripheral Intravenous Cannula Insertion and Use in the Emergency Department: an Intervention Study. Academic Emergency Medicine. January 2018, Vol. 25, No. 1

Carr PJ, Higgins NS, Cooke ML, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Vascular access specialist teams for device insertion and prevention of failure. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2018, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD011429. DOI: 0.1002/14651858.CD011429.pub2

Pearse BL, Rickard CM, Keogh S, Fung YL. A retrospective explanatory case study of the implementation of a bleeding management quality initiative, in an Australian cardiac surgery unit. Australian Critical Care.  January 2018

Marsh N, Webster J, Larsen E, Cooke M, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Observational study of peripheral intravenous catheter outcomes in adult hospitalised patients - a multivariable analysis of peripheral catheter failure. Journal of Hospital Medicine. February, 2018;13(2):83-89. 

Kleidon P, Ullman A, Chaseline B, Schoutrop J, Zhang L, Mihala G, Rickard CM. How does your PICCOMPARE?  A pilot randomized controlled trial comparing various PICC materials in pediatrics. Journal of Hospital Medicine. 2018 Feb on-line. DOI: 10.12788/jhm.2911 *Editor's pick*

Gavin N, Button E, Castillo MI, Ray-Barruel G, Keogh S, McMillan D, Rickard CM. Does a dedicated lumen for parenteral nutrition administration reduce the risk of catheter-related bloodstream infections? A systematic literature review. Journal of Infusion Nursing. 2018. Mar/Apr 41(2):122-130.

Gavin N, McMillan D, Keogh S, Choudhury MA, Ray-Barruel G, Rickard C. The effect of delaying replacement of parenteral nutrition intravenous administration sets: Pre-clinical experiments and a dynamic laboratory model of microbial colonisation. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 2018. On-line Jan. DOI: 10.1002/jpen.1039 


Ullman, A. J., Ray-Barruel, G., Rickard, C. M., & Cooke, M. Clinical audits to improve critical care: Part 1 Prepare and collect data. Aust Crit Care, 31(2), 101-105. doi:10.1016/j.aucc.2017.04.003

Webster J, Larsen E, Marsh N. Antimicrobial dressings for CLABSI prevention. CPD InScope Pg 47 

Marsh N, Rolls K. PIV failure- how effective is your clinical practice? CPD InScope Pg 55

Abu Choudhury M, Wailan AM, Sidjabat HE, Zhang L, Marsh N, Rickard CM, Davies MR, McMillan DJ. 2017. Draft genome sequence of Roseomonas mucosa strain AU37,isolated from a peripheral intravenous catheter. Genome Announc 5:e00128-17. https://doi.org/10.1128/genomeA.00128-17.

Broadhurst D, Moureau N, Ullman AJ; World Congress of Vascular Access (WoCoVA) Skin Impairment Management Advisory Panel. Management of Central Venous Access Device-Associated Skin Impairment: An Evidence-Based Algorithm. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2017 Mar 28. doi: 10.1097/WON.0000000000000322.

Carr P, Cooke M, Rippey J, Higgins N, Rickard CM. Tools, rules and algorithms for vein assessment. Journal of Hospital Medicine. Sept 2017;12(10). 

Castillo, I. From little things, big things grow. Vascular Access. Oct 2017; 3(2):1.

Chan RJ, Northfield S, Larsen E, Mihala G, Ullman A, Hancock P, Marsh N, Gavin N, Wyld D, Allworth A, Russell E, Choudhury MA, Flynn J, Rickard CM. Central venous Access device SeCurement And Dressing Effectiveness for peripherally inserted central catheters in adult acute hospital patients (CASCADE): a pilot randomised controlled trial. Trials. October 2017;18:458. 

Choudhury Md A, Sidjabat HE, Rathnayake IU, Gavin N, Chan RJ, Marsh N, Banu S, Huygens F, Paterson DL, Rickard CM, McMillan DJ. Culture-independent detection of chlorhexidine resistance genes qacA/B and smr in bacterial DNA recovered from body sites treated with chlorhexidine-containing dressings. Journal of Medical Microbiology 2017;66:447453

Corley A, Marsh N, Ullman A, Rickard CM. Tissue adhesive on vascular access devices: who, what, where and when? British Journal of Nursing. Invited review. Oct 2017; 26(19):S18-S25. 

Farrell C, McCulloch E, Bellhouse S et al (2017) Peripheral cannulae in oncology: nurses' confidence and patients' experiences. CancerNursing Practice. 16, 3, 32-38. doi: 10.7748/cnp.2017.e1408

Flynn JM, Keogh S, Zhang L, Rickard CM. Evaluating methods for effective decontamination of central venous access device needleless connectors in adult hospital patients: A pilot randomised controlled trial protocol. Vascular Access. Oct 2017;3(2):8-13.

Ullman AJ, Kleidon T, Gibson V, McBride CA, Mihala G, Cooke M, Rickard CM. Innovative dressing and securement of tunneled central venous access devices in pediatrics: a pilot randomized controlled trial.BMC Cancer. 2017 Aug 30;17(1):595. doi: 10.1186/s12885-017-3606-9.

Flynn, J. M., Rickard, C. M., Keogh, S., & Zhang, L. (2017). Alcohol Caps or Alcohol Swabs With and Without Chlorhexidine: An In Vitro Study of 648 Episodes of Intravenous Device Needleless Connector Decontamination. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 1-3. FirstView

Gavin N, Keogh S, McMillan D, Rickard CM. Does parenteral nutrition increase the risk of catheter-related infection? A systematic literature review. J Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. On-line Jun 2017.

Rolls K, Ullman A. Central venous access device- associated skin impairment (CASI). June 2017

Hawkins T, Greenslade JH, Suna J, Williams J, Rickard CM, Jensen M, Donohue M, Ho E, Van Hise C, Egerton-Warburton D, Cullen L. Peripheral Intravenous Cannula Insertion and Use in the Emergency Department; an Intervention Study. Acad Emerg Med. 2017 Oct. .doi: 10.1111/acem.13335.

Keogh S, Shelverton C, Flynn J, Davies K, Marsh N, Rickard CM. An Observational Study of Nurses' Intravenous Flush and Medication Practice in the Clinical Setting.  Vascular Access. Apr 2017;3(1):3-10.

Kleidon P, Ullman A, Zhang L, Gavin N, Mihala G, Northfield S, Rickard CM. Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter OutcoMes PolyurethAne veRsus Endexo:  the PICCOMPARE Trial. Protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Vascular Access. Apr 2017;3(1):15-21. 

Kleidon T, Alexandrou E, Mifflin N, McManus C. Vascular access services around Australia. Vascular Access Apr 2017;3(1):26-29.

Kleidon TM, Ullman AJ, Gibson V, Chaseling B, Schoutrop J, Mihala G, Rickard CM. A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of Novel Dressing and Securement Techniques in 101 Pediatric Patients. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2017 Sep 18.

Larsen E, Keogh S, Marsh N, Rickard CM. Experiences of peripheral IV insertion in hospital: A qualitative study. British Journal of Nursing. Oct 2017; 26(19):S4-S17. 

Marsh N, Webster J, Cooke M, Rickard CM. The RELIABLE Trial (RELiable Intravenous Access By Line Experts): A pilot randomised controlled trial protocol of expert versus generalist peripheral intravenous catheter insertion. Vascular Access. October 2017;3(2):3-7. 

Marsh N, Webster J, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Devices and dressings to secure peripheral venous catheters: A Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2017; 67:12-19

Patterson T, Dunsdon J, Slater K, McDougall D, Fullerton F. Evaluation of intravenous administration practices, patient safety and expenditure on saline products in a tertiary hospital. Vasc Access Vol 3 Issue 1. April 2017

Ray-Barruel G, Ullman AJ, Rickard CM, Cooke M. Clinical audits to improve critical care: Part 2: Analyse, benchmark and feedback. Australian Critical Care. 2017. Available online 5 June. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2017.04.002

Ray-Barruel G. Using audits as evidence. British Journal of Nursing. April 2017;26(8):S3. (Invited editorial) 

Ray-Barruel, Gillian. Infection prevention: Peripheral intravenous catheter assessment and care. Australian Nursing and Midwifery Journal, Vol. 24, No. 8, Mar 2017: 34.

Rickard CM, Marsh NM, Webster J, Gavin NC, Chan RJ, McCarthy AL, Mollee P, Ullman AJ, Kleidon T, Chopra V, Zhang L, McGrail MR, Larsen E, Choudhury MA, Keogh S, Alexandrou E, McMillan DJ, Mervin MC, Paterson DL, Cooke M, Ray-Barruel G, Castillo MI, Hallahan A, Corley A, Playford G. Peripherally InSerted CEntral catheter dressing and Securement: the PISCES Trial. Protocol for a 2x2 factorial, superiority randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. June 2017;7:e015291.

Rickard CM, Marsh NM. The other catheter: The mighty PIV. Ann Intern Med. Invited editorial. Nov 2017; 167(10): H02-H03 

Rickard CM, Ray-Barruel G. Peripheral intravenous catheter assessment: beyond phlebitis. Lancet Haematology. Vol 4 September 2017

Rickard CM, Ullman A, Kleidon T, Marsh N. Ten Tips for Dressing and Securement of IV Device Wounds. ANJM  May 2017 Volume 24, No. 10

Slater K, Cooke M, Rickard C, Whitby M. Can hand hygiene observation and reporting be improved through a risk-based targeted approach? Am J Infect Control. 2017 Feb 1;45(2):212-213. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2016.09.012.

Slater K, Cooke M, Whitby M, Fullerton F, Douglas J, Hay J, Rickard C. Microorganisms present on peripheral intravenous needleless connectors in the clinical environment.  Am J Infect Control. 2017 Mar 20. pii: S0196-6553(17)30108-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2017.02.008. 

Sou V, McManus C, Mifflin M, Frost SA, Ale J, Alexandrou E. A clinical pathway for the management of difficult venous access. BMC Nursing (2017) 16:64

Takashima M, Ray-Barruel G, Ullman A, Keogh S, Rickard CM. Randomized controlled trials in central vascular access devices: A scoping review. PLOS ONE 2017;12(3): e0174164. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174164

Ullman A, Marsh N, Rickard CM. Securement for vascular access devices: looking to the future. British Journal of Nursing 2017 (IV Therapy Supplement) Vol 26, No 8

Ullman A, Ray- Barruel G, Rickard CM, Cooke M. Clinical audits to improve critical care: Part 1 Prepare and collect data. Australian Critical Care Available online 24 May 2017

Ullman AJ, Cooke M, Kleidon T, Rickard CM. J Paediatr Child Health. Road map for improvement: Point prevalence audit and survey of central venous access devices in paediatric acute care. J Paediatr Child Health. 2017 Feb;53(2):123-130. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13347. Epub 2016 Oct 6.

Ullman AJ, Kleidon T, Cooke M, Rickard CM. Substantial harm associated with failure of chronic paediatric central venous access devices. BMJ Case Rep. 2017 Jul 6;2017

Ullman AJ, Kleidon T, Gibson V, McBride CA, Mihala G, Cooke M, Rickard CM. Innovative dressing and securement of tunneled central venous access devices in pediatrics: a pilot randomized controlled trial. BMC Cancer (2017) 17:595

Webster J, Larsen E, Marsh N, Choudhury MA, Harris P, Rickard CM. Chlorhexidine gluconate or polyhexamethylene biguanide disc dressing to reduce the incidence of Central-Line-Associated Blood Stream Infection: a feasibility randomised controlled trial (the CLABSI trial). Journal of Hospital Infection (2017), doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2017.04.009.

Zhang L, Rickard CM. Non-culture based diagnostics for intravascular catheter related bloodstream infections. Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics. Invited review paper. 2017 Feb;17(2):181-188.

Zhao DY, Brownlie J, Wells T, Zhang L. The impact of biofilms on intravascular catheter-related bloodstream infection and antimicrobial resistance. Vascular Access Apr 2017;3(1):11-14



Chopra, V., Kuhn, L., Ratz, D., Winter, S., Carr, P. J., Paje, D., & Krein, S. L. (2017). Variation in use of technology among vascular access specialists: an analysis of the PICC1 survey. J Vasc Access, 18(3), 243-249. doi:10.5301/jva.5000711

Bradford NK, Edwards RM, Chan RJ. Heparin versus 0.9% sodium chloride intermittent flushing for the prevention of occlusion in long term central venous catheters in infants and children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 11.

Broadhurst D, Moureau N, Ullman AJ. Central venous access devices site care practices: an international survey of 34 countries. J Vasc Access 2016; 17(1): 78 - 86

Bugden S, Shean K, Scott M, Fraser JF, Mihala G, Clark S, Johnstone C, Rickard CM. Skin glue reduces the failure rate of emergency department inserted peripheral intravenous catheters:  A randomized controlled trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2015. Early on-line. JIF=4.7. Top ranked Emergency journal globally.

Carr, P.J., Rippey, J.C., Budgeon, C.A., Cooke, M.L., Higgins, N. and Rickard, C.M., 2015. Insertion of peripheral intravenous cannulae in the Emergency Department: factors associated with first-time insertion success. J Vasc Access 2016; 17 (2): 182-190. DOI: 10.5301/jva.5000487

Carr, P. J., Rippey, J. C. R., Cooke, M. L., Bharat, C., Murray, K., Higgins, N. S., Foale, A., Rickard, C. M Development of a clinical prediction rule to improve peripheral intravenous cannulae first attempt success in the emergency department and reduce post insertion failure rates: Vascular Access Decisions in the Emergency Room (VADER) study protocol BMJ Open 2016;6:e009196-e009196 #FOAMva

Carr, P.J., Rippey, J.C., Budgeon, C.A., Cooke, M.L., Higgins, N. and Rickard, C.M. Reasons for Removal of Emergency DepartmentInserted Peripheral Intravenous Cannulae in Admitted Patients: A Retrospective Medical Chart Audit in Australia. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology / FirstView Article / May 2016, pp 1 - 3

Choudhury MA, Marsh N, Banu S, Paterson DL, Rickard CM, McMillan D. Molecular comparison of bacterial communities on peripheral intravenous catheters and matched skin swabs. PloS One. 2016: 11(1) e0146354.

Evans O, Gowardman J, Rabbolini D, McGrail M, Rickard CM. In situ diagnostic methods for catheter related bloodstream infection in burns patients: A pilot study. Burns. 2016:

Flynn J. From big things other things grow! TQN. Febr 2016. Pg 33

Gavin NC, Webster J, Chan RJ, Rickard CM. Frequency of dressing changes for central venous access devices on catheter-related infections. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD009213. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009213.pub2.

Keogh S, Flynn J, Marsh N, Mihala G, Davis K, Rickard C. Varied flushing frequency and volume to prevent peripheral intravenous catheter failure: a pilot, factorial randomised controlled trial in adult medical-surgical hospital patients. Trials. 2016; 17: 348. Published online 2016 Jul 26. doi:  10.1186/s13063-016-1470-6

Larsen E. Patients' experience of IV insertion. TQN. Sept 2016. Pg 35

Legemaat M, Carr PJ,  van Rens RM, van Dijk M, Poslawsky IE, van den Hoogen A. Peripheral intravenous cannulation: complication rates in the neonatal population: a multicenter observational study. J Vasc Access. 2016 Jul 12;17(4):360-5. doi: 10.5301/jva.5000558. Epub 2016 May 31.

Ray-Barruel G. Consider the patient's voice. British Journal of Nursing. 2016;25(8):S3.

Reynolds H, Chalk TJ, Van Zundert A, Rickard CM. A way to go to meet guidelines for prevention of intravenous catheter infection and complications: Audit of perioperative peripheral venous catheter care. Vascular Access 2016; 2(2): 2-9

Rickard CM, Edwards M, Spooner AJ, Mihala G, Marsh N, Wendt T, Rapchuk I, Gabriel S, Thomson B, Corley A, Fraser JF. A 4-arm randomized controlled pilot trial of innovative solutions for jugular central venous access device securement in 221 cardiac surgical patients. Journal of Critical Care, Volume 36, December 2016, Pages 35-42. doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2016.06.006

Rippey, J. C., Carr, P. J., Cooke, M., Higgins, N. and Rickard, C. M. (2016), Predicting and preventing peripheral intravenous cannula insertion failure in the emergency department: Clinician 'gestalt' wins again. Emergency Medicine Australasia. doi:10.1111/1742-6723.12695

Ullman AJ, Cooke ML, Mitchell M, Lin F, New K, Long DA, Mihala G, Rickard CM. Dressing and securement for central venous access devices (CVADs): a Cochrane Systematic Review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, April 2016  doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016.04.003

Ullman AJ, Kleidon T, Gibson V, Long DA, Williams T, McBride CA, Hallahan A, Mihala G, Cooke M, Rickard CM. Central venous Access device SeCurement And Dressing Effectiveness (CASCADE) in paediatrics: protocol for pilot randomised controlled trials. BMJ Open 2016 3;6(6):e011197. Epub 2016 Jun 3.

Ullman AJ, Keogh S, Coyer F, Long DA, New K, Rickard CM. 'True Blood' The Critical Care Story:An audit of blood sampling practice across three adult, paediatric and neonatal intensive care settings. Australian Critical Care 29 (2016) 90-95. DOI: 10.1016/j.aucc.2015.06.002

Zhang L, Cao S, Marsh N, Ray-Barruel G, Fynn J, Larsen E,  Rickard CM. Infection risks associated with peripheral vascular catheters. Journal of Infection Prevention 1-7. DOI: 10.1177/1757177416655472





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